JAMAICA BAY WILDLIFE REFUGE

Queens, New York


Within New York City limits, and less than 2 miles from Kennedy Airport, lies one of America's most unique wildlife refuges: Jamaica Bay. An important stopover for migrating birds along the Atlantic flyway, this pocket of wildness amid urban sprawl is well known for attracting many unusual species. Over 315 different kinds of birds have been recorded. And although the accessible parts of the refuge make up only about 250 acres of the unit's 9,100 total acres, there is an excellent variety of habitats in which you may walk. Salt marsh, mudflats, freshwater ponds, upland woods, and cultivated gardens.


Directions:

BY CAR: From Brooklyn - Belt Parkway (east) to exit 17 (Crossbay Boulevard) go over North Channel Bridge and continue 1 1/2 miles to the Traffic light at the entrance to the Refuge on the right.

From Rockaway - Take Crossbay Bridge (94 St.) and go through Broad Channel Community. Refuge visitor center is about 1/2 mile on the left.

BY TRAIN: Take the "A" train going to Rockaways. Exit at Broad Channel Station. Walk west to Crossbay Boulevard then north, (right), about 1/2 mile to the refuge.

BY BUS: Take Triboro Q53 bus from Roosevelt Ave./ Jackson Heights. Exit at refuge stop. You can also take the Greenline Q21 from the intersection of Woodhaven and Liberty Ave. Exit at refuge entrance.


History:

In 1922 the city decided to replace the Jamaica Bay marshlands with miles of industrial wharves. In 1938 Robert Moses proposed to Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia that Jamaica Bay should be transferred to the Parks Department. In 1953 Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge was created. In 1973 the federal government consolidated this preserve with others into the Gateway National Recreation Area. (Source: Scheller 1986)


PLANT LIST:

Naomi Dicker/Dr. Patrick L. Cooney/Dr. Richard Stalter


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Alnus glutinosa (European alder)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)
Cercis canadensis (redbud)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn) 5/20/01
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Juniperus virginiana (eastern red cedar)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Pinus sp. (pine) 2 needled pine, needles 3-4 in
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus thunbergii (black pine)
Platanus x hybrida (London plane)
Populus deltoides cottonwood)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/20/01
Pyrus malus (apple)
Pyrus sp. (crabapple)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus phellos (willow oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Salix sp. (willow)

Shrubs:
Abelia grandiflora (glossy abelia) 7/26/95
Aralia spinosa (Hercules club)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel bush)
Buddleia davidi (butterfly bush) 9/11/95
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) planted
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) 5/20/01
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Hudsonia tomentosa (false heather) 5/20/01
Ilex glabra (inkberry)
Juniperus chinensis (Pfitzer juniper)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/20/01
Lonicera tatarica (Tatarian honeysuckle) 5/20/01
Myrica pensylvanica (northern bayberry)
Opuntia humifusa (prickly pear cactus)
Prunus maritima (beach plum)
Rhamnus alnifolia (alderleaf buckthorn)
Rhamnus caroliniana (Carolina buckthorn)
Rhamnus frangula (European buckthorn) 5/20/01
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa carolina (pasture rose)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose) 5/20/01 5/28/94 7/26/95
Rubus flagellaris (dewberry)
Rubus pensylvanica (blackberry) 7/26/95
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 5/20/01
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (coralberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum v. dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 5/28/94
Weigela sp. (weigela bush) 5/28/94)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Campsis radicans (trumpet creeper) 7/26/95
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) 5/20/01
Calystegia sepia (hedge bindweed)
Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 7/26/95
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Mikania scandens (climbing boneset) 9/11/95
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/26/95
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy) 5/20/01
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort?)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/26/95
Agalinis purpurea (purple gerardia) 479
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/26/95
Althaea officinalis (marsh mallow)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 9/11/95
Anthemis cotula (mayweed)
Anthemis arvensis (field chamomile)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 7/26/95
Apocynum medium (intermediate dogbane) 394
Arabis hirsuta (hairy rock cress)
Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort) 5/20/01
Artemesia annua (annual wormwood)
Artemisia campestris spp. caudata (tall wormwood)
Artemesia stelleriana (dusty miller)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort) 9/11/95
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed) 7/26/95
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) 5/20/01 soon; 7/26/95
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster dumosus (bushy aster)
Aster lanceolatus (panicled aster)
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster)
Aster pilosus (heath aster)
Aster tenuifolius (perennial salt marsh aster)
Atriplex patula (orache)
Avena sativa (oats)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/20/01
Bidens bipinnata (Spanish needles)
Bidens connata (swamp beggar ticks)
Blephelia hirsuta (hairy woodmint)
Brassica nigra (black mustard)
Brassica rapa (field mustard)
Cakile edentula (sea rocket)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)
Centaurea jacea (brown knapweed) 7/26/95
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 9/11/95
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 116
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters)
Chenopodium glaucum (oak-leaved goosefoot)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy)
Chrysopsis falcata (sickle-leaved golden aster)
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/26/95
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 611
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 9/11/95
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Coreopsis lanceolata (lanced-leaved coreopsis)
Cycloloma atriplicifolia (winged pigweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 9/11/95
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink)
Diodia teres (buttonweed)
Draba verna (whitlow grass)
Elodea canadensis (waterweed)
Epilobium coloratum (purple leaved willow herb)
Epilobium hirsutum (hairy willowherb) 7/26/95
Epilobium leptophyllum (American marsh willow herb)
Erechtites canadensis (horseweed)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 5/20/01
Erodium cicutarium (storksbill) 5/20/01
Eupatorium dubium (eastern Joe-Pye-weed) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved thoroughwort)
Eupatorium leucolepis (white-bracted boneset)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Eupatorium serotinum (late thoroughwort)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia dentata (toothed spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane)
Euphorbia polygonifolia (seaside spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Euthamia tenuifolia (slender-leaved goldenrod) 9/11/95
Fragaria virginiana (strawberry)
Froelichia gracilis (cottonweed) 9/11/95
Gaillardia pulchella (blanket flower) 9/11/95
Geranium carolinianum (Carolina cranesbill)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) 9/11/95
Helianthus annuus (common sunflower)
Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)
Hemerocallis fulva (day lily)
Heterotheca subaxillaris (camphorweed) 9/11/95
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Hieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed)
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 5/20/01
Hieracium pratense (king devil)
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed) 5/28/94
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed)
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 141 7/26/95
Hypochoeris radicata (cat's ear)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass)
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion) 5/20/01
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce)
Lactuca serrulata (prickly lettuce)
Lamium amplexicaule (henbit)
Lechea maritima (beach pinweed)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lepidium campestre (field campestre)
Lepidium virginicum (wild peppergrass)
Lespedeza virginica (slender bush clover)
Limonium carolinianum (sea lavender)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax) 5/20/01
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lotus corniculatus (bird's foot trefoil)
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound)
Lycopus uniflorus (northern water horehound) 9/11/95
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 5/20/01
Medicago sativa (alfalfa) 7/26/95
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 7/26/95
Mentha piperita (peppermint)
Mirabilis nyctaginea (wild four o'clock) 5/20/01 7/26/95
Mollugo verticillata (carpetweed)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 7/26/95
Oenothera laciniata (cut-leaved evening primrose)
Ornithogallum umbellatum (star-of-Bethlehem) 5/28/94
Oxalis dillenii (yellow wood sorrel) 5/20/01
Oxalis europaea (yellow wood sorrel) 7/26/95
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago aristata (bracted plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/20/01 5/28/94 7/26/95
Plantago major (common plantain)
Plantago rugelii (American plantain)
Pluchea odorata (salt-marsh fleabane) 9/11/95
Polygonella articulata (sand jointweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum hydropiper (common smartweed)
Polygonum hydropiperoides (mild water pepper) 9/11/95
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding knotweed)
Polygonum pensylvanicum (pink smartweed)
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb)
Polygonum punctatum (spotted smartweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)
Rudbeckia laciniata (green-headed coneflower)
Rudbeckia hirta (black eyed Susan)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Sagittaria sp. (arrowhead)
Salsola kali (saltwort)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 9/11/95
Scleranthus annuus (knawel)
Scutellaria epilobiifolia (marsh skullcap)
Senecio aureus (golden ragwort)
Sherardia arvensis (blue field madder)
Silene latifolia (white campion) 5/28/94 7/26/95
Silene noctiflora (night-flowering catchfly) 5/28/94
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 7/26/95
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass) 5/20/01 7/26/95
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle)
Solidago canadensis var. altissima (tall goldenrod) 9/11/95
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)
Spergularia marina (sand spurrey)
Spiranthes cernua (nodding ladies' tresses)
Stellaria graminea (lesser stitchwort)
Stellaria longifolia (long-leaved chickweed)
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 5/20/01
Strophostyles helvola (trailing wild bean)
Suaeda maritima (low sea blite)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)
Tradescantia virginiana (spiderwort)
Tragopogon dubius (fistulous goatsbeard) 5/20/01
Tragopogon pratensis (yellow goatsbeard)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trifolium agrarium (hop clover)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit's foot clover)
Trifolium campestre (low hop clover) 7/26/95
Trifolium dubium (least hop clover) 5/28/94
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 5/20/01 7/26/95
Trifolium procumbens (low hop clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 5/20/01
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' looking glass)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena utricifolia (white vervain)
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 7/26/95 9/11/95
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 5/20/01
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 5/20/01
Xanthium stramineum v. chinense (clotbur)
Xanthium stramineum v. echinatum (beach clotbur)
Yucca filamentosa (Adam's needle)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex sp. (ovalis group)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)
Cyperus esculentus (nut sedge)
Cyperus greyii or filiculmis (green ball)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Rhynchospora sp. (beak rush)
Scirpus americanus (Olney three-square)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Ammophila breviligulata (beach grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 5/20/01
Aristida oligantha (prairie three-awn grass)
Bromus tectorum (downy chess)
Cenchrus longispinus (sandbur)
Corynephorus canescens (gray hairgrass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (crab grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (goose grass)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass)
Eragrostis spectabilis (purple love grass)
Festuca ovina or rubra (sheep or red fescue grass)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy)
Phragmites australis (tall reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 5/20/01
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) 5/20/01
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem) 817
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian grass)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh cord grass)
Spartina patens (salt meadow cord grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)
Triplasis purpurea (purple sand grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)


Winged Pigweed (Cycloloma atriplicifolium) found here.

Source:  Guy Tudor.  Now You See It, Now You Don't: A selected list of New York and New Jersey wildflowers and flowerings shrubs not covered in the standard regional guides. The Linnaean News Letter. Volume 59, Number 3, May 2005. 


Jamaica Bay 9/7/58

Agalinis purpurea (purple gerardia)
Aristida tuberculosa
Aster subulatus
Bassia hirsuta
Carex silicea
Cenchrus pauciflorus
Corynephorus canescens glaucous-green tufts
Cycloloma atriplicifolia is now very common
Cyperus grayii
Cyperus filicinus
Cyperus esculentus
Digitaria sanguinalis
Eupatorium perfoliatum
E hyssopifolium
E pilosum
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Epilobium hirsutum
Eupatorium dubium
Froelichia gracilis
Heterotheca subaxillaris
Lechea maritima
Solidago tenuifolia
Triplasis purpurea
Edward J. Whelen Attendance 30
Report by Joseph Monachino


Sabatia stellaris marsh pink
Pluchea camphorata marsh fleabane
Salicornia sp. (glasswort)
Spiranthes cernua
Epilobium sp.
Spiraea tomentosa

Jim Murphy, Ed Whelen Attendance 30


August 30, 1968

This wild life refuge now has many trees and shrubs planted under the direction of Mr. Herb Johnson to provide food and cover for birds. Prominent among these are Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) and autumn olive (E. umbellata). There is a red-fruited and purple-fruited chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia and Aronia prunifolia) and Hercules' Club (Aralia elata).

Some shrubs were already laden with ripe fruit. Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus) berries were scarlet, silky cornel (Cornus amomum) berries were pale blue, and buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) berries were changing from pink to black. We also examined dune plants and salt marsh plants but heavy rain after lunch cut our day short.

Attendance 18, leader Herbert Kaltman.


JAMAICA BAY, QUEENS, NY, May 20, 2001.

On a surprisingly cool day for late May, the group crossed over Cross Bay Boulevard headed to West Pond. Roadside plants in bloom were Medicago lupulina (black medick) and Mirabilis nyctaginea (wild four o'clock).

Walking through the sandy woods there were lots of alien species, including Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) and loads of Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) and Rhamnus frangula (European buckthorn), all in bloom, along with Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose). Also in bloom were Myrica pensylvanica (northern bayberry), Prunus serotina (black cherry), and Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy).

In the open meadows before coming to West Pond and similar areas, the group found in bloom Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed), Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass), and Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) and V. serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell). Near West Pond in bloom was Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive).

Walking in the sandier, open areas, some moist, some drier, the group found in bloom Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort), Hudsonia tomentosa (beach heather), Krigia virginica (one-flowered Cynthia), Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax), and Rosa rugosa (salt spray rose). Returning to the visitors' center, the group found along the road in bloom Tragopogon dubius (fistulous goatsbeard).

Total attendance was 8. The trip leader was Dr. Richard Stalter. Thanks to Dr. Patrick L. Cooney for compiling the trip plant list.