Cranberry Bog Preserve
Riverhead, Suffolk County, Long Island, NY
390 acres


Directions:

Exit 71 off US 495 (at green mileage marker 13 86); take Rout 24 (Nugent Drive) to the traffic circle 4.2 miles away; take the first right onto County Route 63; drive .9 of a mile and park at the entrance on the right.


History:

late 1800s to the 1900s -- the wetlands of eastern Long Island used for cranberry bogs.

1885 two brothers, M.H. and S.H. Woodhull, purchase the land that is now the preserve and operate a cranberry farm. It was one of the biggest cranberry operations on Long Island. At one time Suffolk County was the third largest producer of cranberries in the United States.

early 20th century -- hundreds of women and children worked on Long Island as cranberry pickers.

1967 -- Suffolk County acquires the land.

(Cynthia Blair, Newsday Names of Long Island; http://www.newsday.com/features/custom/names)


Trail:

You can walk around Sweezy Pond. Along the pond are the remains of a pump house from the days of the cranberry business.


PLANT LIST:
Judith Fitzgerald and Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, 4/26/02; * = in bloom


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) *

Shrubs and sub-shrubs:
Amelanchier canadensis (coastal shadbush) *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) * lots
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf ) *
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Decodon verticillatus (swamp loosestrife)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Gaultheria procumbens (checkerberry)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) Myrica gale (sweet gale)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Opuntia humifusa (prickly pear cactus)
Prunus maritima (beach plum) *
Quercus ilicifolia (bear oak)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Salix sp. (bog willow)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) *
Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry)

Vines:
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (wild grape)

Herbs:
Calopogon tuberosus (grass pink) reportedly here
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Drosera spp. (sundews)
Hydrocotyle umbellata (water pennywort)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris versicolor (blue flag)
Lechea sp. (pinweed)
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain)
Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose pogonia) reportedly here
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) *
Sagittaria sp. (arrowhead)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) *
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Utricularia sp. (bladderwort)

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)

Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) *
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Ferns and fern allies:
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Grasses:
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)?

Others:
earth star
reindeer lichen
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)