CLAYPIT PONDS

Staten Island, NY


Directions:

Located in southwestern Staten Island. It extends east from Charleston and north about half the distance to Rossville. Arthur Kill Road borders the area on the west, the West Shore Expressway is to the east, and Clay Pit Road runs through the park in an east-west direction.

From Staten Island Expressway (I-278), take West Shore Expressway south to Bloomingdale Road and turn left. Continue on Bloomingdale Road to Sharrotts Road. Turn right onto Sharrotts Road and proceed to Carlin Street. Turn right on Carlin Street and proceed to Neilsen Avenue, where you turn left to park headquarters.

Clay Pit Ponds is a 250 acre State Park Reserve with a diverse landscape. Streams, fields, woodlands, and wetlands harbor a wide array of plants and animals. This is a great place for nature lovers to visit.

Horse owners have miles of bridle trails to traverse. There are also nature programs offered year-round to interested parties. Group programs require advanced registration.

Bus parking, car parking, and public transportation available. From the Staten Island Ferry Terminal take Bus S74 to Sharrotts Road. Walk Sharrotts Road a quarter of a mile and go left onto Carlin St. to the end.(46 minutes). For more information call (718)


Habitats:

There are three separate areas:

Five Lakes lies between Clay Pit Road on the north and Sharrotts Road on the south;

Clay Pit Pond is north of Clay Pit Road about 400 yards; and

Sharrotts Pond lies just south of Sharrotts Road.


PLANT LIST

Richard Buegler


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Asimina triloba (paw paw)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Catalpa speciosa (northern catalpa)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus marilandica (blackjack oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus stellata (post oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Shrubs:
Alnus maritima (seaside alder)
Aronia sp. (chokeberry) with purple berries
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Opuntia humifusa (prickly pear cactus)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Spiraea alba v latifolia (meadowsweet)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Cuscuta gronovii (common dodder)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Sicyos angulatus (one-seeded bur cucumber)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)

Herbs:
Ajuga reptans (bugleweed)
Ambrosia trifida (great ragweed)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting)
Arctium minus (common burdock) 8/10/93
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster laevis (smooth aster) with purple & yellow flwrs
Aster novae-angliae (New England aster)
Aster patens (late purple aster)
Aster spp. (white asters of various types)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo)-- small black pods -- tear drop leaves
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks)
Chamaecrista fasciculata (partridge pea)
Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea)
Cichorium intybus (chicory)
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Datura stramonium (jimsonweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Desmodium spp. (tick-trefoil)
Diodia teres (buttonweed)
Drosera intermedia (spatulate-leaved sundew)
Epilobium glandulosum v adenocaulon (northern willowherb)
Eriophorum virginicum (cotton grass)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium pilosum (rough boneset)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Eupatorium sp. (Joe-Pye-weed)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/10/93
Hypericum canadense (Canada St. Johnswort)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 8/10/93
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Melilotus alba (sweet white clover)
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaf tearthumb)
Polygonum sp. (knotweed)
Prenanthes alba (white lettuce)
Rhexia virginica (meadow beauty)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle nightshade)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 8/10/93
Solidago puberula (downy goldenrod)
Solidago spp. (goldenrods)
Sparganium sp. (burreed)
Spiranthes cernua (nodding lady's tresses)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Tussilago farfara (colts foot)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Utricularia subulata (bladderwort)
Yucca filamentosa (Spanish bayonet)
mint sp.

Rushes and Sedges:
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)

Grasses:
Andropogon glomeratus (beardgrass)
Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus (brome grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum sp. (horsetail)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)

Others:
Cladonia caespiticea
Cladonia chlorophaea
Cladonia coniocraea
Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers)
Cladonia peziziformis
Cladonia rei
Amanita sp. (yellow cone type mushrooms)
Lacaria mushroom that only grows in sand
Pyxie cups
Sphagnum spp. (sphagnum moss)


9/28/03.  From: Protectors SINY.  Subj: A SUCCESSFUL CLAY PIT WALK WITH ORCHIDS AND DEER.  A group of Protectors members, including some youths had an exciting three and a half hour tour of the park yesterday. The very wet woods were filled with wildflowers including purple New England Aster, Climbing Boneset, Indian Pipe, Red Gerardia, white snakeroot (the plant that killed Nancy Lincoln), and mushrooms of every color; red, white, brown, green, purple, yellow and orange. In a boggy area, the large Cranberry was seen in fruit along with rare white Ladies Tresses Orchids.   Many deer tracks were spotted and even some deer waste when the youngest child spotted a deer which many of the group verified by its white tail before it slowly moved away from our view. None of us had ever seen a live deer on Staten Island before this.