GREENBURGH NATURE CENTER
Scarsdale, Westchester County, New York
33 acres


Directions:

Located on Dromore Road off  Central Avenue (Route 100) one mile north of Ardsley Road and one miles south of Hartsdale Avenue.  


Habitats:

The grounds of the Greenburgh Nature Center host a variety of habitats not usually found in small tracts of land.  There is a pond, a brook, rock outcrops of Fordham Gneiss and several scattered glacial boulders.  The property contains over 33 species of  trees.

Of local importance is a 1/4 acre of richly carpeted clubmoss, a plant seldom seen in southern Westchester County.


History:

The Manor House contains 21 rooms many suitable for group gatherings and exhibits.  It was constructed in 1918 of wood and stone, partially quarried on the site by a direct descendant of Lewis Morris, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.  The younger Morris was a physician, naturalist and conservationist and was a member of an early Alaskan expedition. He named the estate Nunataks, an Eskimo word meaning Hill of Stone.

1988  -- the green house constructed.

The Nature Center offers a wide range of nature-oriented programs.  The Manor House contains a live animal museum with over 120 specimens. There is also a Nature Store.


Trails:

There is a self-guided Forest Trail that goes counter clockwise from and back to the Nature Center.  This trail goes past Woodfrog Pond.  Near here you can take the North Forty Trail that also returns to the Self-Guided Forest Trail.  

There is also a Sylvia Stein Nature Trail.  Ms. Stein was very active with the mycological groups.  She led a great many field trips for them and for the Torrey Botanical Society. 

It is hoped that an east-west corridor route would extend from the Croton Aqueduct Trail in the west and head through Taxter Ridge to East Irvington Preserve, then follow a proposed “escarpment” trail to a link with the Rumbrook, Ridge Road Park, Harts Brook Park, the Greenburgh Nature Center, and finally the Bronx River Parkway.

(Source:   The Greening of Greenburgh, 1973 to 2003. The Aquisition of Wildlife Habitat and Protection of the Environment, by William Lawyer, Executive Director Greenburgh Nature Center.
http://216.239.39.104/search?q=cache:9HzdHFLBoaIJ:www.greenburghny.com/FCpdf/Greening%2520of%2520Greenburgh.pdf+%22East+Irvington+Nature+Preserve%22&hl=en&ie=UTF-8)


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney
* = 8/08/2003, date plant found in bloom


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Aesculus sp. (horse chestnut)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Catalpa sp. (catalpa)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Cornus kousa (kousa dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia soulangiana (saucer magnolia)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus sp. (pine two-needled, 2-3 inches)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Taxus sp. (yew)
Thuja occidentalis (arbor vitae)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) *
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepper bush) *
Corylus sp. (hazel)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Hibiscus syriacus (rose of Sharon) *
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Syringa sp. (lilac)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Acalypha sp. (three-seeded mercury)
Ajuga reptans (bugleweed)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Arctium minus (lesser burdock) *
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) *
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle) *
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm) *
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) *
Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley)
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) *
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) *
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed)
Erigeron annua (daisy fleabane) *
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented Joe-Pye weed) *
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) *
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce) *
Lapsana communis (nipplewort) *
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed) *
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) *
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) *
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop) *
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) *
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum sp. (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) *
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum sp. (smartweed) *
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed) *
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) *
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Trifolium repens (white clover) *
Viola sp. (violet)

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (loose-flowered sedge type)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Grasses:
Digitaria sp. (crab grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)

Ferns:
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)?
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)