CORBIN HILL on AT
Located near Hurd's Corner in Pawling.


Directions:

From south to north:
Parking on Country Rt.. 20 close to West Mountain. Can park under big white oak tree on right side of the road just north of house #417 on the left.

From north to south:
Parking area on Route 22 in Hurd Corners near the rest areas at green mileage marker 10 50 just north of the building for Native Landscaping contractors-designers.


Geology:

This rocky ridgeline rises abruptly from the valley floor to an elevation of 861 feet. The geology represents a unique overthrust formation in which the underlying bedrock is hard Precambrian gneiss, thrust over the more recently formed limestone of the Harlem Valley.
The hill is forested with mixed hardwood and hemlock and supports a large stand of white pine. The juxtaposition of wetland and forested upland areas around the base of Corbin Hill makes this a valuable habitat for salamanders and other reptiles and amphibians.

As recently as 1998, evidence of bear has recently been observed along the ridgeline.

The Fooshee Parcel is here (see that on web).


History:

At the parking lot on Rt. 22, the historical marker says:

Mahican and Wappinger Indians once inhabited the area between the Taconic Mountains and the Hudson Valley. Dutch settlers first occupied the river front, so that later comers settled in these highlands. Palatine Germans came from ill-fated tar camps on the Hudson. A group of Friends from Westchester formed a settlement name Quaker Hill. Yankees and Yorkers disputed the boundary between New York and Connecticut, which was settled in 1731 by creation of the Oblong, a tract two miles wide and fifty-one miles long from which Connecticut withdrew. Incensed over high rents and evictions from their lands, tenant farmers under the leadership of William Prendergast in 1766 rebelled against their landlords.

During the Revolution many large landholders were Tories, while their tenants joined forces with the patriots of New England. When in 1777 Colonel Henry Luddington's militia company was called to the relief of Danbury, Connecticut, his sixteen year old daughter Sibyl, a female Paul Revere, according to tradition, rode through the countryside summoning his men.

Iron manufacturing was an early industry here, but the region remained rural. Drovers once herded cattle to the New York City market, but later dairying prevailed.


Trails:

From south to north: County Route 20; pass huge white oak to left of Trail; ascend stone steps; cross grassy field; skirt edge of field on puncheon and bridges in marshy area; continue along right side of field; turn right and enter woods; descend; pass through large gap in stone wall; pass through gap in stone wall; make sharp left turn; cross wooden bridge over Swamp River; Continue through marsh area on puncheon; follow dirt road alongside field; go around gate; cross railroad tracks at the Appalachian Trail railroad station; reach NY 22.

Trail, from north to south: Stream on the left while walking through marsh/field. Puncehon through marsh. Bbridge over stream. Head north quite a while before ascending up and over the ridge. Go through several small hemlock groves; stone wall on right. Start ascending the ridge via a switch-back type trail; old wire fence along trail on the left side; come to an open field on a plateau on top of the ridge; small u-turn to overview of a beautiful farm setting; walking on left side of field; descending along farm field; descend down some stone steps to Route 20. Two cars parked under huge white oak.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus sp. (crab apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Cornus alternifolia? (alternate-leaved dogwood)?
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) *
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (black berry)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium sp. (A low bush blueberry type)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowhead viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Anemone cylindrica (long-fruited anemone) ?
Arctium lappa (great burdock)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Centaurea sp. (knapweed)
Cichorium intybus (chicory)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) *
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (strawberry)
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder)
Gentianopsis crinita (fringed gentian) *
Geum canadense (white avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) * waning
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia)
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Pycnanthemum sp. (mountain mint)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil)
Solidago caesia (bluestem-goldenrod)
Solidago canadensis var. scabra (tall goldenrod)
Solidago rugosa (rough-leaved goldenrod) *
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) *
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium pratense (red clover) *
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Urtica dioica not heart-shaped
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)

Rushes:
Juncus sp. (soft rush probably)
Juncus tenuis

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (loose flowered type sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Phleum pratense (Timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Setaria sp. (yellow or green foxtail grass)

Ferns:
Lycopodium obscurum (pine tree clubmoss)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris intermedia (fancy woodfern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)