ROSE SUBCLASS

..... Basal Alt. Opp. Alt. .Div Opp. Div.
V.1 no petals V.1.1 unisexual or staminate: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
0 4 4 0/0 4 0 3 ..... 89.331 Buxaceae A 1Pachysandra   (Allegheny spurge) ..... ..... .....
0 4 4-8 0/0 3 0 3 prominant bracts under flowers ..... 90.332 Euphorbiaceae A 8. Acalypha (copperleaf) ..... ..... .....
0 0 1 0/0 0 0 1 prominant bracts under flowers ..... 90.332 Euphorbiaceae 10. Euphorbia (spurge) A ..... ..... .....
0 5 5 0/0 5 0 1 ..... 85.325 Santalaceae A (sandalwood) 1 Comandra (bastard toadflax) 2Geocaulon ..... ..... .....
shrub: 0 4 4/8 0/ 0 4 0 1 dioecious; flwrs in small clusters on twigs of previous year ..... ..... 76.306 Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) peri O 1. Shepherdia (rabbit-berry) ..... .....
V.1.2 perfect: no petals: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
0 3 3 3 ..... ..... ..... 78.307 Haloragaceae (water-milfoil) epig AD/W 2. Proserpinaca mermaid weed .....
0 4 1or4 1 72.238 Rosaceae 16Alchemilla B (lady's mantle) ..... ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 17.Aphanes 19Sanguisorba (burnet) .....
0 4 4 1 ..... ..... 82.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig A/O 1. Ludwigia ( water loosestrife) ..... .....
0 4 8 1 ..... 80.312 Thymelaeaceae (Mezereum) 3.Thymelaea A ..... ..... .....
0 5 5 1 ..... 85.325 Santalaceae A (sandalwood) 1Comandra (bastard toadflax) 2Geocaulon ..... ..... .....
0 4-6 N 1 ..... ..... ..... 72.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e AD 19Sanguisorba minor (salad burnet) .....
shrubs:   0 4 8 1 ..... 80.312 Thymelaeaceae (mezereum) peri AE 1.Daphne (mezereum) 2.Dirca (leatherwood) ..... ..... .....
0 4 4 1 ..... 76.306 Elaeagnaceae (oleaster) peri A 2. Elaeagnus (olive) .....   .....
0 4 4 1 ..... 85.325 Santalaceae (Sandalwood) epig AE 4.Nestronia 5.Buckleya ..... ..... .....
tree: 0 5 5 1 ..... 85.325 Santalaceae (Sandalwood) epig AE 3.Pyrularia (buffalo nut) ..... ..... .....
V.2 separate petals V.2.1 unisexual ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herbs: 2-5lb 2-5 0/2-3lb 0 1or0 ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
vines: 5 5 5 0/ 5 5 0 1 ..... 87.328 Celastraceae (bittersweet) hypo A 1.Celastrus (bittersweet) ..... ..... .....
5 5 5 0/ 5 5 0 1 flowers perfect or unisexual ..... 92.342 Vitaceae A (grape) hypo 1.Ampelopsis (porcelain berry) 3. Vitis (grape) ..... 92.342 Vitaceae A (grape) hypo 2.Parthenocissus (Virginia creeper) .....
5 5 5/10 0/ 5 5 0 1perfect or more often unisexual ..... ..... ..... 99.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) Hypo AD 2.Toxicodendron (poison ivy) .....
trees/shrubs: 4-5 4-5 4-10 0/4-5 4-5 0 1 perfect or unisexual ..... ..... ..... 102.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo 1.Zanthoxylum (prickly ash) 102.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo 2. Ptelea (hop tree)
5 us 5 10 0/ 5 us 5 0 1/2-5 ..... ..... ..... 100.355 Simaroubaceae (Quassia) hypo Ailanthus (tree-of-heaven) .....
4-5 4-5 8-9 0/4-5 4-5 0 1or2 ..... ..... 98.351 Aceraceae (Maple) hypo (staminate peri) Acer (maple) ..... 98.351 Aceraceae (Maple) hypo Acer negundo box-elder (staminate peri)
5-6 5-6 10-12 0/5-6 5-6 0 1 perfect or unisexual ..... ..... ..... 101.355 Meliaceae (Mahogany) hypo AD Melia azedarach (chinaberry) .....
4-5z (5) 6-8 0/4-5z (5) 0 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 97.350 Hippocastanaceae (horse-chst) hypo OD Aesculus (buckeyes)
5-10 5-8 8-15 0/5-8 5 5-8 1 ..... 84.323 Cornaceae (dogwood) epig AE 2. Nyssa (tupelo) ..... ..... .....
5 5 10 0/5 5 0 1 perfect or more often unisexual ..... ..... ..... 32.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) AD Rhus (sumac) .....
unisexual or staminate:

4-8 4-8 4-8 0/4-8 4-8 0 1or0?

..... 88.329 Aquifoliaceae (Holly) hypo A 1. Ilex (holly) 2.Nemopanthus (mtn holly) ..... ..... .....
V.2.2 perfect; no petals ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
0 4 4 1 ..... 82.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig A/O 1. Ludwigia (loosestrife) ..... ..... .....
V.2.3 N stamens (centrifugal) ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herbs: 5 5 N 1 ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 15 Dalibarda (dewdrop) ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 03Aruncus (goat's beard) 05Porteranthus (Indian physic) 06 Fragaria (strawberry) 07Duchesnea (Indian strawberry) 10Waldsteinia (barren strawberry) 11Potentilla (cinquefoil) 12Filipendula (queen of prairie) 13Geum (avens) 18Agrimonia (agrimony) .....
vines: 7-10 7-10 20-30 1 ..... ..... 68.225 Hydrangeaceae 2.Decumaria (climbing hydrangea) OE ..... .....
shrubs: 4-10 4-10 20-30 ..... ..... 68.225 Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea) epig OE/OL 1.Philadelphus (mock orange) half to fully epig ..... .....
5-7 5-7 5-50 1-15 ..... 72.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e A (12. Filipendula) queen of the prairie ..... ..... .....
5 5 N 1-5 ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 01Physocarpus (ninebark) 11Potentilla (cinquefoil) 23Aronia (chokeberry) 26Amelanchier (shadbush) Spiraea (meadowsweet) ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 11Potentilla (cinquefoil) 14Rubus (blackberry) 20Rosa (rose bushes) .....
trees: 5 5 N 1-5 ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 21Prunus (cherry) 22Pyrus (apple) 25Crataegus (hawthorn) 26Amelanchier (shadbush) ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 4Sorbaria (false mountain ash) 24Sorbus (mountain ash) .....
5   5   N  1 frs. pea pod-like ..... ..... ..... 73.270 Mimosaceae (Mimosa) hypo AD 1. Albizia (silk tree) .....
5-6 5-6 10-12 1 perfect or unisexual ..... ..... ..... 101.355 Meliaceae (Mahogany) hypo AD Melia azedarach (chinaberry) .....
V.2.4 stamens double the number of petals: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herbs: 5 5 10 5 ..... 72.238 Rosaceae 5Porterantherus ..... ..... .....
5 5 (5+5) 5 with clover-like leaves 104.357 Oxalidaceae BD ..... ..... 104.357 Oxalidaceae (wd srrel) hypo AD Oxalis (wood sorrel) .....
4 4 4-8 2+ ..... 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 10.Chrysoplenium (false aster) 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 10.Chrysoplenium (false aster) ..... .....
5 5 10 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 105.359 Geraniaceae (Geranium) hypo OD 1. Geranium (geranium)
5 5 10 1 fr pea pod-like ..... ..... ..... 73.270 Mimosaceae 02.Mimosa (sensitive brier) .....
3 3 3-6 1 ..... ..... ..... 106.361 Limnanthaceae (meadow foam) hypo AD Floerkea (false mermaid) .....
4-40 4-40 8-80 1/4-5 70.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 2.Sempervivum (hen&chickens) B 70.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 1.Sedum A (sedum) 70.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 1.Sedum O (sedum) 3.Crassula (pygmy-weed) ..... .....
4 4 8or10 1 ..... ..... 83.322 Melastomataceae (Melastoma) epig OE Rhexia (meauty beauty) ..... .....
4-5 4-5 8or10 1 ..... 82.313 Onagraceae (evening primrose) 1Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox) 82.313 Onagraceae (evening primrose) 1Ludwigia palustris (water purslane) ..... .....
4 4 8 1 ..... 82.313 Onagraceae (ev primrose) epig 2.Epilobium (willow herb) 3Oenothera (ev primrose) 5 Gaura (gaura) 82.313 Onagraceae (ev primrose) epig 2Epilobium (willow herb) 4.Calylophus (calylophus) ..... .....
4-6 4-6 6-12 1 ..... 79.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri 5 Lythrum (loosestrife) 79.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri 1. Decodon (water willow) 5.Lythrum (loosestrife) 6.Cuphea (waxweed) ..... .....
5 5 10 1 71.231 Saxifragaceae 3. Saxifraga (saxifrage) 4Tiarella (foam flower) 5Mitella (mitrewort) ..... ..... ..... .....
shrub: 4-5 4-5 8or10 2-4 ..... ..... 68.225 Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea) epig OE/OL 3.Hydrangea (hydrangea) ..... .....
0or5 5 5or10 0-2+ ..... 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri A 2 Penthorum (ditch stonecrop) ..... ..... .....
4-5 4-5 8-15 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 103.357 Zygophyllaceae (Creosote) hypo OD 1. Tribulus (puncture vine) 2.Kallstroemia (caltrop) X
trees: 4-5 4-5 8-10 1 ..... ..... ..... 102.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo AD 2.Zanthoxylum (prickly ash) 3.Ruta (rue) .....
5 5 10 1 ..... ..... ..... 73.270 Mimosaceae (Mimosa) hypo AD 2 Mimosa (sensitive brier) .....
5 5 10 1 perfect or more often unisexual ..... ..... ..... 32.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) Rhus (sumac) .....
5 us5 10 1/2-5 often unisexual ..... ..... ..... 100.355 Simaroubaceae (Quassia) hypo AD Ailanthus (tree-of-heaven) .....
V.2.5 stamens equal: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
5 5 5 5 108.362 Araliaceae 1. Aralia nudicaulis B (wild sarsparilla) ..... ..... 108.362 Araliaceae 1.Aralia hispida AD (bristly sarsaparilla) 108.362 Araliaceae 1.Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
4 4 4-8 2+ ..... 71.231 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 10. Chryso- plenium (false aster) 71.231 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 10. Chryso- plenium (false aster) ..... .....
5 5 5 2+ 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 8. Heuchera (alumroot) ..... ..... ..... .....
5 0 5 2or3 ..... ..... ..... 108.362 Araliaceae (Ginseng) epig AD 1. Panax (ginseng) .....
4-5 4-5 4-5 2 ..... 93.345 Linaceae (Flax) hypo 1.Linum (flax) 2Radiola ..... ..... .....
5 5 5 2 flowers in umbels (umbrella-shaped) 109.364 Apiaceae (parsley) epig 1.Hydrocotyle (pennywort) 109.364 Apiaceae (parsley) epig 2.Centella (centella) 3.Eryngium (rattlesnake master) ..... 109.364 Apiaceae (parsley) epig 4.Sanicula (sanicle) 5.Cryptotaenia (honewort) 6.Osmorhiza (sweet cicely) 7.Aegopodium (goutweed) 8.Anthriscus (wild chervil) 10.Carum (caraway) 14.Aethusa (fool's parsley) 19.Daucus (Queen Anne's lace) 20.Apium (celery) 28.Zizia (golden alexanders) 29.Thapsum (meadow parsnip) 34.Sium (water parsnip) 35.Cicuta (water hemlock) 42.Heracleum (cow parsnip) many others .....
2or4 2or4 2or4 1 ..... ..... 82.313 Onagraceae (Ev Primrose) epig O 6. Circaea (ev nightshade) ..... .....
3 3 3-6 1 ..... ..... ..... 106.361 Limnanthaceae (meadow foam) hypo AD Floerkea (false mermaid) .....
4-5 4-5 4-5 1 ..... 70.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo A 3.Crassula (pygmy-weed)   ..... .....
4 4 4 1 ..... ..... 79.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri O 2.Rotala (toothcup)  3.Ammannia (toothcup) ..... .....
..... ..... ..... 17.323 Cornaceae 8.Cornus canadensis W (bunchberry) ..... .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 2.Penthorum AE (ditch stonecrop) 71.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 9Parnassia (grass of Parnassus) 73.270 Mimosaceae (Mimosa) hypo AD 3.Desmanthus (bundleflower) 105.359 Geraniaceae 2.Erodium OD (stork's bill)
vine: 4 4 4 1 ..... ..... 87.328 Celastraceae (bittersweet) hypo O 3. Paxistima (mtn. lover) ..... .....
5 5 5 1 flowers perfect or unisexual ..... 92.342 Vitaceae (grape) hypos 1. Ampelopsis (porcelain berry) 3. Vitis (grape) ..... 92.342 Vitaceae (grape) hypos 2.Parthenocissus (Virginia creeper) .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 108. Araliaceae 4. Hedera helix A (English ivy) ..... ..... .....
5 5 5/10 1 perf or more often unisexual ..... ..... ..... ..... 99.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) hypo AD 2.Toxicodendron (poison ivy)
shrubs: 4-5 4-5 4-5 1 ..... 91.340 Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) peri 1 Ceanothus (NJ tea) 2Rhamnus (buckthorn) 91.340 Rhamnaceae 2Rhamnus (buckthorn) 35.356 Rutaceae (rue) 2. Ptelea OD (hoptree) .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 87.328 Celastraceae (bittersweet) hypo 2.Euonymus (euonymus) ..... ..... .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 69.226 Grossulariaceae (gooseberry) p/e A/AL 1. Itea (Va. willow) ..... 69.226 Grossulariaceae 2 Ribes (gooseberry) AD .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 91.340 Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) peri A/O 1 Ceanothus (New Jersey tea) ..... ..... .....
tree: 5 5 5 5 ..... ..... ..... 108. Araliaceae 1. Aralia spinosa (Hercules' club) .....
5 0or5 5 1-5 ..... 108.362 Araliaceae (Ginseng) epig AL 3. Oplopanax (devil's club) X ..... ..... .....
4-5 4-5 4-5 1 ..... 91.340 peri Rhamnaceae 2 Rhamnus A (buckthorn) 91.340 peri Rhamnaceae 2 Rhamnus 0 (buckthorn) ..... 35.356 Rutaceae 2 Ptelea OD (hoptree)
5 5 5 1 ..... 99.353 Anacardiaceae 1. Rhus (sumac) ..... ..... .....
4 4 4 1 ..... 84.323 Cornaceae C. alternifolia (dogwood) epig OE (alt lvd dogwood) 84.323 Cornaceae 1. Cornus (dogwood) ..... .....
V.3 separate but anirregular:

V.3.3 stamens greater th

..... ..... ..... ..... .....
3z 3+2z 6-8 1 ..... 94.347 Polygalaceae (milkwort) hypo Polygala (milkwort) 94.347 Polygalaceae (milkwort) hypo Polygala (milkwort) ..... .....
4z 4 8or10 1 ..... ..... 83.322 Melastomataceae (Melastoma) epig OE Rhexia (meadow beauty) ..... .....
3z 3 5 1 ..... 107.362 Balsaminaceae (touch-me-not) hypo AE/AT Impatiens (touch-me-not) ..... ..... .....
5z 5 10-N ..... ..... ..... 1 75.273 Fabaceae (pea) peri AD (see below) .....
V.3.4 stamens double the number of petals ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herb: 4z 2+2 8 3 ..... ..... ..... 96.350 Sapindaceae (soapberry) hypo AD Cardiospermum (balloon-vine) .....
5z 5 10-N 1 lots w/ trifoliate leaves 75.273 Fabaceae (pea) peri 36Desmodium (tick trefoil) 75.273 Fabaceae (pea) peri 8Crotolaria (rattlebox) ..... 75.273 Fabaceae (pea) peri 3Thermopsis (buckbean) 5Senna (senna) 7. Lupinus (lupine) 9Tephrosia (goat's rue) 14Stylonsanthes (pencil flower) 18 Astragalus (milk vetch) 21Lotus (birdfoot trefoil) 23 Coronilla (crown vetch) 26Trifolium (clover) 27Melilotus (sweet clover) 29 Vicia (vetch) 30 Lathyrus (vetchling) 34Lespedeza (bush clover) 36Desmodium (tick trefoil) 75.273 Fabaceae (pea) peri 36Desmodium (tick trefoil)
4z 4 8or10 1 ..... ..... 83.322 Melastomataceae (Melastoma) epig OE Rhexia (meadow beauty) ..... .....
5z 5 10 1 ..... ..... ..... 4.271 Caesalpiniaceae peri AD 4Chamaecrista fasiculata (partridge pea) .....
vines: 5z 5 10 1 ..... ..... ..... 75.274 Fabaceae 05 Senna (senna) 10 Wisteria (wisteria) 41Clitoria (butterfly pea) 42 Phaseolus (wild kidney bean) 44Strophostyles (woolly bean) 46Apios (groundnut) 47Amphicarpaea (hog peanut) 50Galactia (milkpea) .....
shrubs: 5z 5 10 1 ..... 5.274 Fabaceae (pea) 4. Genista A (dyer's greenwood) 5.Cytisus (scotch broom) 6. Ulex (gorse) ..... 75.274 Fabaceae (pea) 36Amorpha AD (false indigo) 17Colutea (bladder senna) .....
trees: 5z 5 10 1 ..... 74.271 Caesalpiniaceae 1. Cercis (redbud) A ..... 74.271 Caesalpiniaceae 2. Gleditsia (locust tree) AD 3. Gymnocladus (coffee tree) .....
5z 5 10 1 ..... ..... ..... 75.274 Fabaceae (pea) AD 1Cladrastis (yellowwood) 11Robinia (locust) .....
5z 5 5 3or1 separate petals take narrow bell shape ..... ..... ..... ..... 95.349 Staphyleaceae (bladder-nut) hypo OD
V.3.5 stamens equal ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
5z 5 5 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 105.359 Geraniaceae (Geranium) hypo OD 2. Erodium (stork's bill)
5 5 5 1 perf or more often unisexual ..... ..... ..... 99.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) hypo AD 1. Rhus (sumac) more often unisexual .....
3-5z 3-5 5-10 1 ..... ..... ..... 74.271 Caesalpiniaceae peri AD 4.Chamaecrista nictitans (wild sensitive plant) .....
V.4 fused imitators ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
0 4 4 1 flowers fused into a regular tube ..... 76.306 Elaeagnaceae (oleaster) peri A 2. Elaeagnus (olive) ..... ..... .....