MAGNOLIA SUBCLASS FAMILIES BY SECTIONS

84% of the families are alternates (lots of trifoliate leaves)

  Aquatic/Parasitic Basal lvs. Alt. lvs. Opp. lvs. Alt. Div. Opp. Div.
I.1 bowl-shaped ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
I.1.1 Unisexual ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
vines 0 6 12 0/0 6 0 3 ----- ----- 14.65 Menispermaceae 3.Calycocarpum lyonii (cupseed) ----- ----- -----
6 6 6 0/6 6 0 3or6 ----- ----- 14.65 Menispermaceae 2.Cocculus carolinus (Carolina moonseed) ----- ----- -----
6-9 6 12-24 3/ 6-9 6 0 3 ----- ----- 14.65 Menispermaceae 1.Menispermum canadense (moonseed) ----- ---------- -----
shrub: 0 3or6 3or6 0/0  3or6 0 3 ----- ----- ----- ----- 13.65 Lardizabalaceae   (lardizabala) hypo AD palmately compound lvs 1.Akebia quinata (akebia) -----
I.1.2 no petals

shrub:

0 5 5-10 1

..... ..... ..... ..... 11.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) 22Xanthorhiza simplicissima (yellow root) trifoliate .....
I.1.3 N stamens: ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
herbs: N 4-5 200 10-40 7.44 Nelumbonaceae hypo AL Nelumbo (lotus) ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
3 3 12-18or36 4-8 9.45 Cabombaceae (fanwort) hypo AE 1Brasenia schreberi (water shield) ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
1-20 3-5 5-N 1orN 11.47 Ranunculaceae 13 Ranunculus (water buttercups) 11.47 Ranunculaceae 11 Hepatica (hepatica) 13 Ranunculus (lesser celandine) 11.47 Ranunculaceae 1. Caltha (marsh marigold) 13 Ranunculus 15 Adonis (pheasant's eye) ----- 11.47 Ranunculaceae 2 Trollius (globe flower) 3Helleborus viridis (green hellebore) 4Nigella (love-in-a-mist) 13 Ranunculus (buttercup) 17Isopyrum (false rue anemone) 18Anemonella (rue anemone) 20Coptis (goldthread) 11.47 Ranunculaceae 10 Anemone (anemone)
4-16 2or3 N 1herbs with milky juice ----- 15.66 1.Sanguinaria (bloodroot) 8-16 2 N 1 

2.Stylophorum diphyllum BD (celandine poppy) 4 2 N 1

----- ----- Papaveraceae (poppy) hypo A 3Chelidonium majus(celandine)  4 2 N 1 4Glaucium flavum (horned poppy) 4 2 N 1 5Papaver (poppy) 4 2 N 1 6Argemone (Mexican poppy) 6 3 8 1 -----
8-9 4-6 N N 8.0.44 Nymphaeaceae (water lily) h/p/e AL 1. Nuphar (yellow waterlily) 2. Nymphaea (water lily)  ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
vines: 0 us4 N N ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- 11.47 Ranunculaceae 12. Clematis (virgin's bower)
shrubs: 15-30tepals 10-20 N ----- ----- ----- 3.40 Calycanthaceae Calycanthus florida (allspice) OE ----- -----
6orN 6orN 9 N ----- ----- 4.0.41 Lauraceae (laurel) peri AE 3. Lindera benzoin (spicebush) ----- ----- -----
trees:  6-12 3 N N ----- ----- 1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo AE/AL 1Magnolia (magnolia) 2Liriodendron (tulip tree) ----- ----- -----
6 3 N N ----- ----- 2.0.40 Annonaceae (custard-apple) hypo AE 1Asimina (pawpaw) (petals in 2 whorls) ----- ----- -----
6orN torN 9 N ----- ----- 4.0.41 Lauraceae (laurel) peri AE/AL 2.Sassafras (sassafras) ----- ----- -----
I.1.4 stamens 2x: ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
6 6 12 1 or 9 6 18 1 ----- ----- ----- 12 .63Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 1Podophyllum peltatum (mayapple) ----- -----
I.1.5 stamens equal: ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
herb: 8 4 8 1 ----- 12.63 Berberidaceae 3Jeffersonia (twin leaf) ..... ----- ----- -----
6 6 6 1 ----- ----- Berberidaceae 2Diphylleia (umbrellawort) ----- 12Berberidaceae (barberry) 4Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) trifoliate -----
shrub: 6 6 6 1 ----- ----- ----- ----- 12.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo A

5.Berberis (barberry)

-----
I.2 stamens only -- sepals fall early ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
I.2.2  herbs: 0 3-20 5-N 3-N often, sepals falling early ----- ----- 11.47 Ranunculaceae AT/AL buttercup) hypo AD

21 Hydrastis (golden seal) 0 3 N N

----- 11.47 Ranun- culaceae hypo AD

6 Cimicifuga (bugbane) 0 4-5 N 1

7Actaea (baneberry) 0or4-10 3-5 N 1

19Thalictrum (meadowrue) 0 4-5 N 1

-----
0 0 6or8 3-5 flowers in a long teminal spike ----- ----- 5.0.42 Saururaceae (lizard's tail) hypo AL 1Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail) ----- ----- -----
1.3 no petals, but fused sepals ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
I.3.2 herb: 0 (3) 12 ----- 6.0.42 Aristolochiaceae (birthwort) BL 1 Hexastylis (heartleaf) 2Asarum canadense (wild ginger) 3Aristolochia (snakeroot) AL ----- ----- ----- -----
vine: 0 (3) 6 ----- 6.0.42 Aristolochiaceae (birthwort) AE 3Aristolochia (snakeroot) ----- ----- ----- -----
I.4 irreg fused, but stamens more than the # of petals ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
I.4.3 greater than  herbs: 4or5z 4or5z N 1-5        (hood)    (backspur)    

(back petals)

----- ----- ----- ----- 11.47 Ranun- culaceae (buttercup) hypo AD          

8 Aconitum (monkshood)  5z 5z N 3-5 9Delphinium (larkspur) 4z 4z N 1-5        16Aquilegia (columbine) 5z 5 N 1-5

-----
2+2z 2 6 1 ----- 16.68 Fumari- aceae 1Dicentra (bleeding heart) BD ----- ----- 16.68 (fumitory) hypo

3Corydalis (corydalis) AD 4Fumaria (fumitory)

-----
vines:

2+2z 2 6 1

----- ----- ----- ----- 16.68 Fumariaceae (fumiory) 2Adlumia fungosa (Allegheny vine) -----