Floral Formula Lookup

In Progress

Note:  N (numerous) is counted as less than 0

N petals

                     
N N 9 N         4.0.41 Lauraceae (laurel) peri 1. Persea (swampbay)  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

0 Petals

pe- tals se- pals sta- men styles/ petals stepals stamen styles Family Genus/Species  
0 3 N N         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 21. Hydrastis (stamens only)  
0 4 N 1         1.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 12. Clematis (stamens only)  
0 4-5 N 1         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 6. Cimicifuga 19. Thalictrum (stamens only)  
0 4-7 N 3-7         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 20. Coptis (stamens only)  
0 4-20 N 1         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 10. Anemone (stamens only)  
0 0 N 5-10         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 4. Nigella (stamens only)  
0 5 N 1         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 3. Helleborus (stamens only)  
0 6 12 0 / 0 6 0 3 14.0.65 Menispermaceae (moonseed) hypo 3. Calycocarpum  
0 6or8 3-5           5.0.42 Saururaceae (lizard's tail) hypo 1. Saururus (stamens only)  
0 8-15 10-20 0 / 0 8-15 0 1 10.0.46 Ceratophyllaceae (hornwort) hypo all 2    
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Three Petals

                     
3 3or6 3or6 0/ 3 3or6 0 N 13.0.65 Lardizabalaceae (lardizabala) hypo 1. Akebia quinata  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Four Petals

                     
4 2 N 1         5.0.66 Papaveraceae (poppy) hypo Stylophorum,Chelidonium,Glaucium,Papaver  
4 4 4-N 0/ 4 4 0 1 27.0.218 Ebenaceae (Ebony) hypo dio Diospyros us . 16 stamens  
4 4 4 1         20.0.328 Celastraceae (bittersweet) hypo mountain lover (3. Paxistima)  
4 4 4 1         21.0.200 Empetraceae (crowberry) hypo 1. Empetrum (crowberry)  
4-10 3-5 N 1         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 7. Actaea  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Five Petals

                     
5 3 N N         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #30 R. lapponicus X  
5 3-5 N N         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus  
5 3-5 5-10 N         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #28. R. subrigidus  
0 5 5-10 1         11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 22. Xanthorhiza (stamens only)  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Six Petals

                     
6 6 6 0/ 6 6 0 3or6 14.0.65 Menispermaceae (moonseed) hypo 2. Cocculus  
6 6 6 1         12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 5. Berberis (barberry)  
6 6 6 1         12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 2. Diphylleia (umbrella-leaf)  
6-9 6 12-24 0/ 6-9 6 0 3 14.0.65 Menispermaceae (moonseed) hypo 1. Menispermum  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Seven Petals

                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

8 Petals

                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

9 Petals

                     
9-12 tepals N N         1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo 1. magnolia  
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

0 5+ N 1 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 2. Trollius (stamens only)

0 5- 9 N 1 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 1. Caltha (stamens only)

0 5-10 N 8-12 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 18. Anemonella (stamens only)

0 5-12 N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 11. Hepatica (stamens only)

stamens only, fused sepals

0 (3) 6 6.0.42 Aristolochiaceae (birthwort) epig 3. Aristolochia (birthwort)

0 (3) 12 6.0.42 Aristolochiaceae (birthwort) epig 2. Asarum (wild ginger)

petals present

N 4-5 200 10-40 7.0.44 Nelumbonaceae (lotus) hypo

1-5 3-5 N N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #20 R. pusillus

3 3 3-6 3-6 9.0.45 Cabombaceae (fanwort) hypo 2. Cabomba (fanwort)

3 3 12-36 4-8 9.0.45 Cabombaceae (fanwort) hypo 1. Brassenia (water shield)

5 3-5 10-20 N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #29 R. longirostris

5 3-5 10-25 N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13 Ranunculus #27 R. trichophyllus

5-7 3-5 N N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #8 R. fascicularis

5-8 3-5 N N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus R. hispidus, R. sardous

5-20 5 N N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 15. Adonis

6 t 9 N 4.0.41 Lauraceae (laurel) peri 2. Sassafras (sassafras)

6 t 9 N 4.0.41 Lauraceae (laurel) peri 3. Lindera (spicebush)

6 t N N 1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo 1. magnolia

6- 9 t N N 1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo 1. magnolia

6-12 t N N 1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo 1. magnolia

15-30 t 10-20 N 3.0.40 Calycanthaceae (strwbry shrb) peri 1. Calycanthus

6 3 N N 1.0.38 Magnoliaceae (magnolia) hypo 2. Liriodendron (tulip tree) 6 3 N N 2.0.40 Annonaceae (custard-apple) hypo 1. Asimina (pawpaw) (petals in 2 whorls) 6 3 N 1 15.0.66 Papaveraceae (poppy) hypo 6. Argemone

6 6 6 1 12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 4. Caulophyllum (blue cohosh)

6 6 12 1 12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 1. Podophyllum (may apple)

8 4 8 1 12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 3. Jeffersonia

8 4-6 N N 8.0.44 Nymphaeaceae (water lily) h/p/e 1. Nuphar 2. Nymphaea

8-12 3-4 N N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 13. Ranunculus #30 R. lapponicus X

8-16 2 N 1 15.0.66 Papaveraceae (poppy) hypo 1. Sanguinaria

9 4-6 N N 8.0.44 Nymphaeaceae (water lily) h/p/e 1. Nuphar 2. Nymphaea

9 6 18 1 12.0.63 Berberidaceae (barberry) hypo 1. Podophyllum (may apple)

irreg

2+2z 2 6 1 16.0.68 Fumariaceae (fumitory) hypo all Dicentra,Adlumia,Corydalis,Fumaria

4z 4 N 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 9. Delphinium

5z 5 N ? 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 16. Aquilegia

2+3z hood N 3-5 11.0.47 Ranunculaceae (buttercup) hypo 8. Aconitum

WITCH-HAZEL SUBCLASS 10 families pages 70-92

petalless; wind-pollinated; flowers arising from axils of toothed, paired leaves

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unisexual:

3-4 3-4 3-4 0/0 3-4 0 5-8 1.0.70 Platanace (plane tree) balls

0 0 N 0/0 0 0 2 2.0.70 Hamamelidaceae (witch-hazel) balls (sweetgum)

0 4-6 8-16 0/0 4-6 0 3 9.0.81 Fagaceae (beech) cats Fagus (beech)

0 4 4 0/0 4 4 2 5.0.74 Moraceae (mulberry) cats

0 0 2-8 0/0 0 0 2 8.0.79 Myricaceae (bayberry) cats sup to inf (often 4 stamens)

0 3-6 8-40 0/4 4 0 2 7.0.77 Juglandaceae (walnut) cats

0 2-3 3-10 0/0 2-3 0 2 7.0.77 Juglandaceae (hickory) cats

0 4-6 12-20 0/0 4-6 0 3 9.0.81 Fagaceae (beech) cats Castanea (chestnut)

0 4-6 3-12 0/0 4-6 0 3 9.0.81 Fagaceae (beech) cats Quercus (oak)

0 0or2 2 0/0 0or2 0 2 10.0.87 Betulaceae (birch) cats Betula (birch)

0 0or4 4 0/0 0or4 0 2 10.0.87 Betulaceae (birch) cats Corylus, Alnus

0 5 5 0/0 5 0 1 4.0.73 Cannabaceae (hemp) cats

0 4 4 0/0 2+2 0 1 6.0.75 Urticaceae (nettle) cats Urtica (stinging nettle)

0 5 5 0/0 4 0 1 6.0.75 Urticaceae (nettle) cats aportea (wood nettle)

0 4 4 0/0 2-4 0 1 6.0.75 Urticaceae (nettle) cats Boehmeria (false nettle)

0 4 4 0/0 3 0 1 6.0.75 Urticaceae (nettle) cats Pilea (clearweed)

0 4 4 0/0 4 0 1 6.0.75 Urticaceae (nettle) cats Parietaria (pelletory)

perfect flowers or staminate also:

0 4-9 4-9 2 3.0.71 Ulmaceae (elm) h/p Ulmus (elm)

0 5 5 2 or 0 5 5 0 3.0.71 Ulmaceae (elm) h/p Celtis (hackberry)

4 4 4 2 2.0.70 Hamamelidaceae (witch-hazel) epig Hamamelis (witch-hazel)

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PINK SUBCLASS 11 families pages 92-140

no petals or 4-6; (petaloid calyx or bracts like Celosia)

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Unisexual:

0 1-5 1 -5 0/0 1-5 0 3 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 1. Amaranthus (amaranth)

0 3-5 3 -5 0/0 3-5 0 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 5. Axyris

0 3-5 3 -5 0/0 3-5 0 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 8. Atriplex (orache)

0 5 3-10 0/0 5 0 2-5 8.0.112 Molluginaceae (carpet-weed) hypo

0 5 5-30 0/0 5 0 5-15 1.0.92 Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed) hypo

0 5 3 -5 0/0 5 3-5 1 2.0.92 Nyctaginaceae (four o'clock) hypo

0 5 5 0/0 5 0 1 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 6. Iresine -- dioecious X

0 5 5 0/0 5 0 2-3 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 4. Kochia (summer cypress)

0 5 5 0/0 5 0 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 2. Cycloloma (pigweed)

0 5 5 0/0 5 0 2-5 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 10. Suaeda (sea-blite)

Not unisexual:

N x N 1 4.0.94 Cactaceae (Cactus) epig

0 1 1 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 6. Monolepis (poverty weed)

0 2 1 -3 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 7. Corispermum (bugseed)

0 2-5 1 -5 2-5 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 1. Chenopodium (goosefoot)

0 4-5 (4) 5 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 3. Achyranthes

0 5 5 -N 3-5 3.0.92 Aizoaceae (ice plant) p-e 1. Sesuvium

0 5 1-10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 8. Scleranthus (knawel)

0 5 10 5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 15. Silene

0 5 5-10 1 3.0.92 Aizoaceae (ice plant) p-e 2. Trianthema

0 5 5-30 5-15 1.0.92 Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed) hypo

0 5 0 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 9. Salicornia (glasswort)

0 5 1 -5 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 1. Chenopodium (goosefoot)

0 5 1or2 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 9. Salicornia (glasswort)

0 5 3 -5 1 2.0.92 Nyctaginaceae (four o'clock) hypo

0 5 3-5(2x) 1 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 4. Alternanthera (alligator weed)

0 5 3-10 2-5 8.0.112 Molluginaceae (carpet-weed) hypo

0 5 us. 5 1 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 11. Paronychia whitlow-wort

0 5 us. 5 1 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 12. Herniaria

0 5 5 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 3. Bassia

0 5 5 2 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 11. Salsola (saltwort)

0 5 5 2-x 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 2. Celosia

0 5 5 2-5 5.0.95 Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot) sup 10. Suaeda (sea-blite)

0 5 8(5+3) 3 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 4. Polygonella (jointweed)

0 5 3-8 2-5 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 5. Polygonum (smartweed; knotweed)

0 5 8 3 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 6. Fagopyrum (buckwheat)

0 3+3 9 3 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 1. Eriogonum

0 3+3 6 3 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 2. Oxyria (mountain sorrel)

0 3+3 6 3 10.0.128 Polygonaceae (Smartweed) sup 3. Rumex (dock)

0 (5) 5 5+5 6.0.104 Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) hypo 5. Froelichia (cottonweed)

3/5 2 3or5 1 7.0.109 Portulacaceae (purslane) h/s-e 3. Montia

4 4 4or8 4or8 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 1. Sagina pearlwort

4-6 2 6-10 (2)3-x 7.0.109 Portulacaceae (purslane) h/s-e 1. Portulaca (purslane)

5 2 4-45 1or2+ 7.0.109 Portulacaceae (purslane) h/s-e 4. Talinum (fame flower)

5 2 5 1 7.0.109 Portulacaceae (purslane) h/s-e 2. Claytonia (spring beauty)

5 5 2-10 3 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 10. Spergularia sand-spurrey

5 5 3-10 3 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 4. Holosteum jagged chickweed

5 5 5or10 5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 9. Spergula spurrey

5 5 5or10 5or10 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 1. Sagina pearlwort

5 5 10 3-5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 3. Honckenya

5 5 10 3 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 2. Arenaria sandwort

5 5 (4-)10 (3-)5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 6. Cerastium chickweed

5 5 10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 18. Gypsophila baby's breath

5 5 10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 17. Vaccaria cow-herb

5 5 10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 19. Dianthus pink

5 5 10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 20. Petorhagia childing pink

5 5 10 3or5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 7. Stellaria stitchwort

5 (5) 10 2 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 16. Saponaria soapwort

5 (5) 10 3 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 15. Silene campion

5 (5) 10 5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 13. Agrostemma corn-cockle

5 (5) 10 5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 14. Lychnis lychnis

5 (5) 10 5 9.0.112 Caryophyllaceae(Pink) sup 15. Silene

5 5 5 5 11.0.139 Plumbaginaceae (Leadwort) hypo

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DILL SUBCLASS pages 140-225

Usually either the petals or the sepals have some degree of fusion, but usually not both at the same time.

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unisexual:

15.0.166 Salicaceae (willow) cats

0 3-4 2 0/ 0 3-4 0 1 21.0.200 Empetraceae (crowberry) hypo 2. Corema (broom crowberry)

(5) 5 3 0/(5) 5 0 1 13.0.164 Cucurbitaceae (gourd) epig 1. Cucurbita (wild pumpkin)

(5) 5 5 0/(5) 5 0 1 13.0.164 Cucurbitaceae (gourd) epig 4. Sicyos (bur cucumber)

(5) 5 5or10 0/(5) 5 0 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 18. Epigaea (trailing arbutus)

(6) 6 6 0/(6) 6 0 1 13.0.164 Cucurbitaceae (gourd) epig 3. Echinocystis (wild cucumber)

perfect:

0 5 5 1 30.0.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo Glaux

3 5 5-15 1or0 9.0.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo 3. Lechea (pinweed)

4 4 N 2or3 3.0.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) hypo Hypericum (st. johnswort)

4 4 4 3-4 11.0.163 Tamaracaceae (tamarisk) hypo

4 4 4+2 1 17.0.175 Brassicaceae (mustard) hypo

4 4 8(16) 1 28.0.219 Styracaceae h/e 2. Halesia (silver-bell tree)

5 5 N 1 6.0.147 Malvaceae (mallow) hypo

5 5 N 1 4.0.146 Tiliaceae (linden) hypo Tilia (linden)

5 5 N 2 7.0.152 Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant) ?

5 5 N 3or5 3.0.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) hypo Hypericum (st. johnswort)

5 5 8-30 1or0 9.0.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo 2. Hudsonia (false heather)

5 5 10-50 1or0 9.0.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo 1. Helianthemum (frostweed)

5 5 10-200 1 inf. 14.0.165 Loasaceae (loasa) epig

5 5 5 0 25.0.217 Diapensiaceae (Diapensia) hypo 3. Galax

5 5 9 2-5 3.0.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) hypo Triadenum (marsh st. johnswort)

5 5 10 1 28.0.219 Styracaceae h/e 1. Styrax (storax)

5 5 10 1 inf. 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 23. Gaylussacia (huckleberries)

5 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 2. Leiophyllum (sand myrtle)

5 5 5 3 12.0.163 Passifloraceae (passion-flower) peri

5 5 5 3-4 11.0.163 Tamaracaceae (tamarisk) hypo

5 5 5or10 1 19.0.199 Cyrillaceae (cyrilla) hypo

5 5 5+5 1 20.0.200 Clethraceae (clethra) hypo

5 (5) 5 3 8.0.153 Droseraceae (sundew) hypo

5/6 5/6 10-25 0 18.0.199 Resedaceae (mignonette) hypo (3or4 sessile stigmas)

4z 4 6 1 16.0.174 Capparaceae (caper) hypo Cleome

4z 4 6-27 1 16.0.174 Capparaceae (caper) hypo Polanisia

4-6z 0-5 8or10 1 24.0.215 Monotropaceae (Indian pipe) hypo 1. Monotropa (Indian pipe)

5z 5 5 1 10.0.157 Violaceae (violet) hypo

5z 5 10 1 24.0.215 Monotropaceae (Indian pipe) hypo 2. Monotropsis 3. Pterospora

5z 5 10 1 23.0.213 Pyrolaceae (pyrola) hypo

(4) 4 4 1 30.0.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo Centunculus

(4) 4 8 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 20. Calluna (heather)

(4) 4 8 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 21. Erica (heath)

(4-5) 4-5 8/10 1 inf. 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 22. Vaccinium (blueberries-cranberries)

(5) 5 12-N 1 29.0.219 Symplocaceae (sweet-leaf) e/hlf

(5) 5 5 1 25.0.217 Diapensiaceae (Diapensia) hypo 2. Pyxidanthera (pyxie)

(5) 5 5 26.0.218 Sapotaceae (Sapodilla) hypo Bumelia (southern buckthorn)

(5) 5 5 1 30.0.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo half-epig in Samolus

(5) 5 5/10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 4. Rhododendron p73

(5) 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 5. Kalmia (laurel)

(5) 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 19. Arctostaphylos (bearberry)

(5) 5 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 9. Andromeda (bog rosemary)

(5) 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 10. Lyonia

(5) 5 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 12. Eubotrys (fetterbush)

(5) 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 14. Oxydendrum (sourwood)

(5) 5 10 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 15. Chamaedaphne leatherleaf

(4-5) (4-5) 4-5 1 22.0.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 17. Gaultheria (wintergreen)

(5) (5) 5 1 25.0.217 Diapensiaceae (diapensia) hypo 1. Diapensia

(5) (5) 5 1 25.0.217 Diapensiaceae (diapensia) hypo 4. Shortia

(7) 7 7 1 30.0.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo Trientalis

Rose subclass

unisexual or staminate:

0 4 8 0/ 0 4 0 1 9.0.306 Elaeagnaceae (oleaster) peri 1. Shepherdia (rabbit-berry)

0 4 8 0/ 0 4 0 1 11.0.307 Haloragaceae (wtr-milfoil) epig 1. Myriophyllum water-milfoil

0 4 4 0/ 0 4 0 1 9.0.306 Elaeagnaceae (oleaster) peri 2. Elaeagnus (russian olive) some fls staminate

0 4 4 0/ 0 4 0 1 11.0.307 Haloragaceae (wtr-milfoil) epig 1. Myriophyllum water-milfoil

4 4 8 0/ 4 4 0 1 11.0.307 Haloragaceae (wtr-milfoil) epig 1. Myriophyllum water-milfoil

4 4 4 0/ 4 4 0 1 11.0.307 Haloragaceae (wtr-milfoil) epig 1. Myriophyllum water-milfoil

0 0 1 0/ 0 0 0 3 23.0.332 Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) hypo (10. Euphorbia)

0 4 4 0/ 0 4 0 (2-3) 22.0.331 Buxaceae (Boxwood) hypo Pachysandra

0 4 4-8 0/ 0 3 0 3 23.0.332 Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) hypo (8. Acalypha) copperleaf

4-5 4-5 4-5 0/4-5 4-5 0 (4-5) 21.0.329 Aquifoliaceae (Holly) hypo mountain holly (2. Nemopanthus)

4-8 4-8 4-8 0/4-8 4-8 0 1or0 21.0.329 Aquifoliaceae (Holly) hypo holly (1. Ilex)

5-10 5-8 8-15 0/5-8 5 5-8 1 17.0.323 Cornaceae (dogwood) epig 2. Nyssa (tupelo)

4-5 4-5 8-10 0/4-5 4-5 0 1 35.0.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo 1. Zanthoxylum (prickly ash)

4-5 4-5 9 0/4-5 4-5 0 1or2 31.0.351 Aceraceae (Maple) hypo (staminate peri)

4-5 4-5 4-5 0/4-5 4-5 0 1 35.0.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo 2. Ptelea (hop-tree)

5 us 5 10 0/ 5 us 5 0 1/2-5 33.0.355 Simaroubaceae (Quassia) hypo Ailanthus

5 5 5/10 0/ 5 5 0 1 32.0.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) hypo 2. Toxicodendron (poison ivy) mr oft unisexual

5 5 8 0/ 5 5 0 1or2 31.0.351 Aceraceae (Maple) hypo(staminate peri) the usual formula

5 5 5 0/ 5 5 0 1 20.0.328 Celastraceae (bittersweet) hypo bittersweet (1. Celastrus)

5 5 5 0/ 5 5 0 1 25.0.342 Vitaceae (grape) hypo 1. Ampelopsis 2. Parthenocissus 3. Vitis

5 5 5 0/ 5 5 0 1 32.0.353 Anacardiaceae (Cashew) hypo 1. Rhus (sumac) more often unisexual

5-6 5-6 10-12 0/5-6 5-6 0 1 34.0.355 Meliaceae (Mahogany) hypo Melia

4z (5) 6-8 0/ 4z (5) 0 1 30.0.350 Hippocastanaceae (hrs-chst) hypo Aesculus (buckeyes)

5z (5) 6-8 0/ 5z (5) 0 1 30.0.350 Hippocastanaceae (hrs-chst) hypo Aesculus (buckeyes)

tepals:

3lobed 3 0/3lobed 0 1or0 19.0.327 Viscaceae mistletoe epig (1. Phoradendron)

2-5lobed 2-5 0/2lobed 0 1or0 19.0.327 Viscaceae mistletoe epig dwarf mistletoe (2. Arceuthobium)

0 0 2 2-3 10.0.307 Podostemaceae (riverweed) sup

0 3 3 3 11.0.307 Haloragaceae (water-milfoil) epig 2. Proserpinaca mermaid weed

0 4 8 1 13.0.312 Thymelaeaceae (mezereum) peri

0 4 4 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig water-primrose (1. Ludwigia) water plants

0 4 4 1 9.0.306 Elaeagnaceae (oleaster) peri 2. Elaeagnus (russian olive)

0 4 (2)4 1 5.0.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e burnet (19. Sanguisorba)

0 4 4(5) 1 5.0.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e 16. Alchemilla

0 4 1(2) 1 5.0.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e 17. Aphanes

0 4 4-8 2+ 4.0.231 Saxifragaceae (saxifrage) peri 10. Chrysoplenium

0 5 5 1 18.0.325 Santalaceae (Sandalwood) epig

0or5 5or6 N 1 5.0.238 Rosaceae (rose) p/e 15. Dalibarda

2 2 2 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig eve nightshade (6. Circaea)

3 3 3-6 1 39.0.361 Limnanthaceae (mdw foam) hypo Floerkea

4 4 8 1 3.0.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 1. Sedum

4 4 8 2-4 1.0.225 Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea) epig 3. Hydrangea half to fully epig

4 4 4 1 12.0.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri tooth-cup (2. Rotala)

4 4 4 1 12.0.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri tooth-cup (3. Ammannia)

4 4 8or10 1 16.0.322 Melastomataceae (Melastoma) epig

4 4 8 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig gaura 5. Gaura

4 4 8 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig willow-herb (2. Epilobium)

4 4 8 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig evening-primrose (3. Oenothera)

4 4 8 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig 4. Calylophus X

4 4 4 1 15.0.313 Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) epig water-primrose (1. Ludwigia)

4 4 4 1 17.0.323 Cornaceae (dogwood) epig 1. Cornus (dogwood)

4 4 4 2 26.0.345 Linaceae (Flax) hypo Radiola

4(5) 4(5) 20+ 1.0.225 Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea) epig 1. Philadelphus half to fully epig

4-5 4-5 4-5 1 3.0.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 3. Crassula pygmy-weed

4-5 4-5 8-10 1 3.0.229 Crassulaceae (sedum) hypo 1. Sedum

4-5 4-5 8or10 2-4 1.0.225 Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea) epig 3. Hydrangea

4-5 4-5 8or10 1 12.0.309 Lythraceae (loosestrife) peri water willow (1. Decodon)

4-5 4-5 4-5 1 24.0.340 Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) peri buckthorn (2. Rhamnus)

4-5 4-5 8or12 1 36.0.357 Zygophyllaceae (Creosote) hypo 1. Tribulus 2. Kallstroemia X

4-5 4-5 10or15 1 36.0.357 Zygophyllaceae (Creosote) hypo 1. Tribulus 2. Kallstroemia X

4-5 4-5 8-10 1 35.0.356 Rutaceae (Rue) hypo 3. Ruta (rue)