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DILL SUBCLASS pages 140-225

Either the petals or the sepals have some degree of fusion, but usually not both at the same time.

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.......... Aquatic/Parasitic Basal Alt. Opp. Alt. Div.
IV.1 imitator, bowl-like ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.1.3 N stamens ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herbs: 5 5 N 1 stamens aggregated around style ..... ..... 43.147 Malvaceae (mallow) hypo 1. Gossypium (cotton) A 3Kosteletzkya (seashore mallow) 5Abutilon (velvet leaf) 7Althaea (marsh mallow) 8Malva (mallow) 9Callirhoe (poppy mallow) 10Napaea (glade mallow) 11Malvastrum 12 Shaeralcea (scarlet mallow) 13 Sida (sida) 14 Anoda (spurred anoda) ..... 43.147 Malvaceae (mallow) hypo 2. Hibiscus AD 4. Iliamna 6. Modiola (bristly mallow)
5 5 N 2 44.152 Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant) bowl-like ..... ..... ..... .....
3or5 5 5-50 1or0 ..... ..... 46.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo AE 1Helianthemum (frostweed) 3Lechea ..... 46.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo OE/WE 2. Hudsonia (heather) 3Lechea (pinweed)
..... ..... ..... ..... 40.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) Triadenum (marsh st johnswort) .....
shrub: 4-5 4-5 9-N 2-5 ..... ..... ..... 40.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) hypo OE 1. Hypericum (st johnswort) st. andrew's cross; st. peterswort H. prolificum .....
trees:

5 5 5-N 5

..... ..... 38.140 Theaceae (tea) 1Stewartia (stewartia) A ..... .....
5 5 15 palmately lobed leaves ..... ..... ..... ..... 42. 146 Sterculiaceae (Cacao) Firmiana simplex AD (Chinese parasol tree)
IV.1.5 stamens equal ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
5 (5) 5 3

sep petal imitator

45.153 Droseraceae (sundew) hypo Balt Drosera (sundew) ..... ..... ..... .....
vine:   5 5 5 3 deeply lobed leaves ..... ..... 49.163 Passifloraceae (passion-flower) peri AL Passiflora (passion flower) ..... .....
shrub: 4-5 4-5 9-N 2-5 ..... ..... ..... 40.141 Clusiaceae (mangosteen) hypo OE 1. Hypericum (st. johnswort) 2Triadenum (marsh st. johnswort) .....
IV.2 catkins & flowers ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.2.1 catkins & flowers hypogynous: unisexual: catkins & flowers ..... ..... 52.166 Salicaceae1Poplar (poplar) 2 Salix (willow) AE/AT ..... .....
IV.3 sep pets, imitators ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.3.2 no petals ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
0 5 5 1 ..... ..... ..... 67.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo O Glaux .....
IV.3.3 N stamens ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
4 4 4+2 1 family used to be called Crussiferae because of the cross-like arrangement of the four petals ..... 54.175 Brassicaceae (mustard) hypo 25 Draba (whitlow grass) 54.175 Brassicaceae (mustard) hypo 01 Brassica (mustard) 06Raphanus(wild radish) 08 Cakile (sea rocket) 10Lepidium (peppergrass) 14Thalaspi (pennycress) 24Berterora incana (hoary alyssum) 27Armoracia (Horse radish) 29Cardamine (toothwort) 31Arabis (rock cress) 54.175 Brassicaceae (mustard) hypo 01 Brassica (mustard) 02 Sinapsis (charlock)10 Lepidium (peppergrass)16 Capsella 27 Armoracia (Horse radish) 29 Cardamine (toothwort) 32 Rorippa (yellow cress) .....
3or5 5 5-50 1or0 ..... ..... 46.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo 3 Lechea (pinweed) 46.154 Cistaceae (rock-rose) hypo 2Hudsonia (heather) 3.Lechea (pinweed)  
5 5 10-200 1 inf. ..... ..... 51.165 Loasaceae (loasa) epig Mentzelia oligosperma (stickleaf) ..... 51.165 Loasaceae (loasa) epig Mentzelia decapetala (sand-lily)
tree: 5 5 N 1 suspended fruits hanging from and balanced by leaflike bracts ..... ..... 41.146 Tiliaceae (linden) hypo Tilia (linden) ..... .....
stamens equal ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
4-5 4-5 4-5 3-4 ..... ..... 48.163 Tamaracaceae (tamarisk) A ..... .....
IV.4 sep but fused-like ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.4.1 unisexual: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
shrub: 0 3-4 2 0/ 0 3-4 0 1 ..... ..... 58.200 Empetraceae (crowberry) hypo A/subW 1Empetrum (crowberry)2Corema (broom crowberry) ..... .....
tree: 4 4 4-N 0/ 4 4 0 1 inf. fruits highly astringent to taste ..... ..... 64.218 Ebenaceae (Ebony) hypo AE Diospyros dio us. 16 stamens (persimmon) ..... .....
IV.4.3 N stamens: ..... .....      
herb: 5/6 5/6 10-25 0 ..... ..... 55.199 Resedaceae (mignonette) hypo AE (3or4 sessile stigmas)    
shrub: 5 5 5-10 1 separate petals ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae A 1. Ledum (Labrador tea) 2. Leiophyllum (sand myrtle) ..... .....
tree: 4 4 8(16) 1 ..... ..... 65.219 Styracaceae h/e 2. Halesia A (silver-bell tree) ..... .....
IV.4.4 stamens equal: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
shrub: 4 4 4 1 perfect or often unisexual flowers ..... ..... 58.200 Empetraceae (crowberry) hypo A/subW1Empetrum (crowberry) ..... .....
5 5 5 1 ..... 62.217 Diapensiaceae (Diapensia) hypo Boft 3Galax 4Shortia ..... ..... .....
5 5 5or10 1 ..... ..... 56.199 Cyrillaceae (cyrilla) hypo AE Cyrilla racemiflora (ti-ti bush) ..... .....
5 5 5-10 1 separate petals ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae A 1. Ledum (Labrador tea) 2. Leiophyllum (sand myrtle) ..... .....
IV.4.5 stamens 2x: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
shrubs: 5 5 5+5 1 ..... ..... 57.200 Clethraceae (clethra) hypo AT Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) ..... .....
trees: 5 5 10 1 ..... ..... 65.219 Styracaceae (storax) A h/e 1. Styrax (snowbell) ..... .....
IV.5 irregular petals: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.5.3 N stamens or greater than ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
4z 4 6-27 1 pets equal or nearly so pets unequal ..... ..... ..... ..... 53.174 Capparaceae (caper) hypo AD trifoliate 1 Cleome (spiderflower) 2 Polanisia (clammyweed)
IV.5.5 stamens equal ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
5z 5 5 1 back spur petal ..... 47.157 Violaceae (violet) hypo 2. Viola (violet) 47.157 Violaceae (violet) hypo AE/AL/AT 1Hybanthus (green violet) 2. Viola (violet) ..... .....
4-6z 0-5 8or10 1 translucent plant lacking chlorophyll 61.215 Monotropaceae (Indian pipe) hypo A ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.6 fused pets ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
IV.6.1 unisexual: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
vines: (5-6) 5-6 3-6 0/(5-6) 5-6 0 1 ..... ..... 50.164 Cucurbitaceae (gourd) epig AL 1Cucurbita (wild pumpkin) 2Melothria (creeping cucumber) 3Echinocystis (wild cucumber) 4 Sicyos (bur cucumber) ..... .....
shrub: (5) 5 5or10 0/(5) 5 0 1 ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e A 18. Epigaea (trailing arbutus) ..... .....
IV.6.3 stamens N ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
shrub: (5) 5 12-N 1 ..... ..... 66.219 Symplocaceae (sweet-leaf) e/hlf A Symplocus (sweetleaf) ..... .....
IV.6.4 stamens twice as many ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
shrub: 5z 5 10 1 ..... 60.213 Pyrolaceae (pyrola) hypo B 2. Pyrola (shinleaf) 3Moneses uniflora (one-flowered shinleaf) ..... ..... .....
4-5) (4-5) 4-10 1 ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 22. Vaccinium (blue- or canberry) 23Gaylussacia (huckleberry) 59.201 Ericaceae (heath) h/-e 2Leiophyllum (sand myrtle) .....
5z 5 10 1 ..... 60.213 Pyrolaceae (pyrola) hypo B 2. Pyrola (shinleaf) 3Moneses (one-flowered shinleaf) ..... ..... .....
tree: 4 4 8(16) 1 ..... ..... 65.219 Styracaceae h/e 2. Halesia A (silver-bell tree) ..... .....
..... ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae A 14. Oxydendrum (sourwood) ..... .....
IV.6.5 stamens equal: ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
herbs: (4-7) 4-7 4-7 1 ..... 67.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo 8Primula (primrose) 67.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo 5Centunculus (chaffweed) 6Samolus (water pimpernel) 67.220 Primulaceae (primrose) hypo1Lysimachia (loosestrife) 2Trientalis(starflower) 3. Glaux (sea milkwort) 4. Anagallis (scarlet pimpernel) .....
shrubs: (5) 5 5 ..... ..... 63.218 Sapotaceae (Sapodilla) hypo AE Bumelia (s. buckthorn) ..... .....
(5) 5 5or10 1 funnelform ..... ..... 59.201 Ericacae A4. Rhododendron (rhododendron) ..... .....
(5) 5 5or10 1saucer-shaped ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae A 3. Menziesia (minnie bush) 5. Kalmia (laurel) ..... .....
(5) 5 5or10 1bell-like ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae A 06 Loiseleuria 07 Phyllodoce 09Andromeda (andromeda) 10Lyonia (maleberry) 11Leucothoe (dog laurel) 12Eubotrys (fetterbush) 13Pieris (mountain fetterbush) 15Chamaedaphne (leatherleaf) 16Zenobia (zenobia) 17 Gaultheria (wintergreen) 19Arctostaphylos (bearberry) 20Calluna (heath) 21Erica (heather) 22Vaccinium (blueberry) 23Gaylussacia (huckleberry) ..... .....
petals swept back ..... 67.220 Primulaceae (primrose) 10Dodecatheon (water willow) ..... ..... .....
petals swept back ..... ..... 59.201 Ericaceae (heath) 22Vaccinium (cranberry) ..... .....
(5) 5 5 0 62.217 ..... ..... Diapensiaceae (Diapensia) hypo 2. Pyxidanthera A (pyxie) Diapensiaceae (Diapensia) hypo 1Diapensia O .....