ASTER SUBCLASS

..................... basal lvs/ aquatic or parasitic    alt. lvs.   opp. lvs. alt. div.   opp. div.
VI.2 fused regular ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
VI.2.4 stamens 2x: (4) 2or3 8 3+ 34.514 Adoxaceae half-epig B Adoxa (moschatel) ..... ..... ..... .....
VI.2.5 stamens 1x: (5) 5 5 2 ..... 113.394 Asclepiadaceae (milkweed) hypo 2Asclepias tuberosus (butterfly weed) 113.394 Asclepiadaceae (milkweed) hypo 2Asclepias OE/W ..... .....
(4-5) 4-5 4-5 1or0 ..... 111.386 Gentianaceae (gentian) 5 Gentianella (n. gentian) 6 Halenia 111.386 Gentianaceae (gentian)  2Centaurium (centaury) 3Gentian (gentian) 4Gentianopsis (fringed gentian) 9 Bartonia (bartonia) ..... .....
(4) (4=2+2) 4 1 ..... ..... 111.386 Gentianaceae OE/W hypo 10. Obolaria (pennywort) ..... .....
(5) 5 5 1 seps disticnt or connate at base flowers often in curled splays ..... 110.419 Boraginaceae AE hypo all exc. 12Echium (blueweed) and 13Anchusa (bugloss) ..... ..... .....
(4) 0 4 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 135.501 Rubiaceae (madder) epig OD 9 Galium (bedstraw)
(4) 2-4 4 1 ..... ..... 135.501 Rubiaceae (madder) epig OE 1Hedyotis (bluets) 2Mitchella repens (partridgeberry) 4 Diodia (buttonweed) 5Spermacoce glabra (buttonweed) 6Richardia (Florida pusley) 7Sherardia (field madder) 8Asperula ..... .....
(5) 5 4 1 ..... ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) inf 5.Linnaea O (twinflower) ..... .....
(5) 5 5 1or0 ..... 117.412 Menyanthaceae s/h-i 1. Menyanthes (buckbean) B 2. Nymphoides (floating heart) sup to half-inf ..... ..... .....
(5) 5 5 1 111.386 Gentianaceae 2.Centaurium B (centaury) ..... 111.386 Gentianaceae 3.Gentian (gentian) 5.Gentianella (n. gentian) ..... .....
(5) 5 5 (2,3,5) ..... 134.496 Campanulaceae (bluebell) O epig A all exc 4.Lobelia 1.Campanula (bluebell) 2.Triodanis (triodanis; Venus looking glass) 3. Jasione (sheep's bit) ..... ..... .....
vines: (5) 5 5 1or2 ..... 115.406 Convolvulaceae (morning glory) hypo 3.Stylisma 4.Convolvulus (morning glory) 5.Calystegia (hedge bindweed) 6.Ipomoea (morning glory) ..... ..... .....
(5) 5 5 2 ..... ..... 113.394 Asclepiadaceae hypo Vincetoxicum (black swallowwort) ..... .....
(4or5) 4or5 4or5 2 ..... 116.410 Cuscutaceae (dodder) hypo Cuscuta (dodder) ..... ..... .....
shrub: (4) 4 4 1 ..... ..... 135.501 Rubiaceae (madder) 3.Cephalanthus (buttonbush) ..... .....
IV.2.6 stamens less than: (5-12) 5-12 (5) ..... ..... 1 111.386 Gentianaceae (gentian) hypo OE 1.Sabatia (marsh-pink) ..... .....
(3-4) 0 2 1 ..... ..... 135.501 Rubiaceae OE epig 8.Asperula X 9.Galium (bedstraw) ..... .....
(5) 5 4 1 ..... ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae O (honeysuckle) inf 5.Linnaea (twinflower) half to wholly inf ..... .....
VI.3 fused regular petals & fused sepals: ... VI.3.1 unisexual shrub: (4) (4) 2 0/(4) (4) 0 1 ..... ..... 127.462 Oleaceae hypo 3.Osmanthus OE (devil wood) 6.Forestiera X OT (golden bell) ..... .....
tree: (4) (4) 2 0/(4) (4) 0 1 ..... ..... ..... ..... 127.462 Oleaceae (olive) hypo 7.Fraxinus (ash) OD
VI.3.5 stamens equal to petals (5) (5) 5 1or2 ..... 119.416 Hydrophyllacea hypo 2.Hydrophyllum (waterleaf) 3.Ellisia (waterpod) ..... 119.416 Hydrophyllacea hypo 1.Phacelia (phacelia) .....
(4) (4) 4 1 ..... 125.459 Plantaginaceae Plantago (plantain) 125.459 Plantaginaceae Plantago (plantain) ..... .....
(5) (5) 5 1 ..... ..... 110.385 Loganiaceae hypo OE 2.Spigelia (pinkroot) 3.Cynoctonum (mitrewort) ..... .....
(5) (5) 5 1 ..... 112.393 Apocynaceae (dogbane) hypo 3.Amsonia (bluestar) 112.393 Apocynaceae (dogbane) hypo 1.Vinca (periwinkle) 2.Trachelospermum 4.Apocynum (dogbane) ..... .....
(5) (5) 5 1 ..... 114.400 Solanaceae hypo 1.Nicandra (apple of Peru) 3.Physalis (ground cherry) 4.Solanum exc dulcamara 7.Hyoscyamus (henbane) 8. Datura (jimsonweed) 9. Nicotiana (tobacco) ..... ..... .....
(5) (5) 5 1 ..... ..... 118.413 Polemoniaceae hypo 1.Phlox OE 4.Gilia (standing cypress) 118.413 Polemoniaceae hypo3 Polemonium AD (Jacob's ladder) .....
vines: (5) (5) 5 1 ..... ..... 110.385 Loganiaceae 1.Gelsemium OE ..... .....
(5) (5) 5 1 ..... 114.400 Solanaceae A 4.Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6.Lycium (matrimony vine) ..... ..... .....
vines: (5) (5) +2 1 ..... ..... ..... 132.492 Bignoniaceae (trumpet creeper) irreg, hypo 3.Campsis (trumpet creeper) 4.Bignonia (cross vine) .....
shrubs: (4) (4) 4 1 ..... 126.462 Buddlejaceae (butterfly-bush) 1.Buddleja (butterfly bush) 2.Polypremum ..... ..... .....
(4-5) (4-5) 4 1 ..... ..... 121.428 Verbenaceae (vervain) hypo 4.Callicarpa (beautyberry) ..... .....
VI.3.6 stamens fewer than petals -- grouped stamens

(5) (5) (2+2) 1

..... ..... 130.490 Acanthaceae (Acanthus) hypo 1 Ruellia (ruellia) OE ..... .....
(5) (5) (2+2) 1 ..... ..... 131.491 Pedaliaceae (Sesame) hypo OE 1.Sesamum (sesame) 2.Proboscidea (devil's claw) ..... .....
(5) (5) 2+2 1 ..... ..... 121.428 Verbenaceae (vervain) 1.Verbena (vervain) OT ..... .....
VI.3.6  shrubs: (4) (4) 2 1 ..... ..... 127.462 Oleaceae (olive) hypo 1.Syringa (lilac) 5.Chionanthus (fringe tree) ..... 127.462 Oleaceae (olive) hypo 2.Ligustrum (privet) 4.Forsythia (golden bell)
(5) (4) 4 1 ..... ..... ..... 121.428 Verbenaceae AD 5.Vitex (chaste tree) palmately compound .....
irregular: VI.4 irreg. fused petals only   VI.4.1 unisexual: (5)z 0 3 0/(5)z 0 0 1 ..... ..... 138.515 Valerianaceae epig 2.Valerianella (corn salad) ..... 138.515 Valerianaceae epig 1.Valeriana (valerian)
VI.4.5 stamens equal:  herbs: (5)z 0 3 1 corolla often bilabiate ..... ..... 138.515 Valerianaceae 2.Valerianella (corn salad) ..... 138.515 Valerianaceae 1.Valeriana (valerian)
(5)z 5 5 1 seps distinct or connate at base flowers often in curled splays ..... 120.419 Boraginaceae hypo AE 12.Echium (blueweed) 13.Anchusa (bugloss) ..... ..... .....
(5)z 5 5 (2,3,5) (2over3) ..... 134.496 Campanulaceae epig 4.Lobelia (lobelia) ..... ..... .....
(5)z 5 5 1 ..... ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) inf  4.Triosteum (horse gentian) ..... .....
vine: (5)z 5 5 1 ..... ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) inf  2. Lonicera (honeysuckle) ..... .....
shrubs: (5)z 5 5 1 ..... ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) inf 1.Diervilla (bush honeysuckle) 2.Lonicera (honeysuckle) 3.Symphoricarpos (snowberry) 6.Viburnum (viburnum) ..... 136.507 Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) inf  7.Sambucus (elderberry)
VI.4.6 stamens less than:  herbs: (5)z (4) 2+2 1 ..... ..... 121.428 Verbenaceae (vervain) Phryma (lopseed) OT ..... .....
trees: (5)z (5) 4 1 ..... ..... 132.492 Bignoniaceae (trumpet creeper) irreg, hypo 1.Paulownia OE (empress tree) ..... .....
(5)z (5) 2 1 ..... ..... 132.492 Bignoniaceae (trumpet creeper) irreg, hypo 2.Catalpa (catalpa) OE/OT ..... .....
VI.5 irreg. fused petals and fused sepals:

VI.5.1 unisexual  (4)z (2-5) 2+2 1/(5) (2-5) 0 1

..... 129.488 Orobanchaceae (broomrape) hypo NONE 3.Epifagus (beech drops) ..... ..... .....
VI.5.5 stamens equal:  (4)z (2-5) 2+2 1 ..... 129.488 Orobanchaceae (broomrape) hypo NONE 2.Conopholis (squawroot) ..... ..... .....
(4)z (2or4) 2+2 1 ..... ..... 121.428 Verbenaceae (vervain) hypo 2.Phyla ..... .....
(5)z (5) 5 1 ..... ..... 128.465 Scrophulariaceae (snapdragon) hypo OE/OT 11.Verbascum (mullein) ..... .....
(4)z (4) 4 1 ..... ..... 139.516 Dipsacaceae (teasel) epig O/W 1.Dipsacus (teasel) 2.Succisella (devil's bit) ..... .....
(4)z (4-5)z 4 1 ..... ..... 1 139.516 Dipsacaceae (teasel) epig O/W 3.Succisa (devil's bit) 4. Scabiosa (scabious) 5.Knautia arvensis (blue buttons) ..... .....
VI.5.6 stamens less than:  (5)z (5) 2/4 1 ..... ..... 122.432 Lamiaceae hypo O Group IV VII ..... .....
(5)z (5) 2/4 1 128.465 Scrophulariaceae (snapdragon) hypo 10.Limosella (mudwort) 128.465 Scrophulariaceae (snapdragon) hypo 16.Linaria (toadflax) 20.Chaenorrhinum (lesser toadflax) 30.Schwalbea (chaffseed) 37.Castilleja (Indian paintbrush) 128.465 Scrophulariaceae (snapdragon) hypo 28.Veronica (speedwell) ..... 128.465 Scrophulariaceae (snapdragon) hypo 12Chelone (turtlehead) 13Penstemon (beardtongue) 14Scrophularia (snapdragon) 15Collinsia (blue-eyed mary) 24Aureolaria (false foxglove) 25Agalinis (agalinis) 27Veronicastrum (culver's root) 31Odontites (eyebright) 32Euphrasia (eyebright) 33Rhinanthus (yellow rattle)
(5)z (5) (2) 1 130.490 Acanthaceae (acanthus) hypo O 2 Justicia (water willow) 3 Dicliptera ..... ..... ..... .....
(5)z (4-5) 2+2 1 129.488 Orobanchaceae hypo NONE 1 Orobanche (broomrape) ..... ..... ..... .....
(5)z (5)z 2 1or0 133.494 Lentibulariaceae hypo BE 1. Pinguicula (butterwort) ..... ..... ..... .....
(5)z (2)z 2 (2) 133.494 Lentibulariaceae perf, symp, irreg, hypo2. Utricularia (bladderwort) ..... ..... ..... .....