eronica scutellata (speedwell) 455 -- OE or a few tiny teeth

Veronica serpyllifolia (speedwell) 453 -- lvs OT, sessile

Veronica sp. (speedwell) Scrophulariaceae/Veroniceae ((5) (5) 2 1 stigma 1) --

Veronica teucrium (speedwell) 455 -- Veronicastrum virginicum (culver's root) Scrophulariaceae/Veroniceae ((5) (5) 2 1 stigma 1) 453 -- white, tubular in spikes; WT lance Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum) 483 -- lvs generally lobed, maple-like, but felty below; fr purple-black

Viburnum alnifolium (hobblebush viburnum) 485 -- marginal fls neutral; lvs pinnately veined, not lobed; fr red, turning dark

Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum) 483 -- lateral veins simple or 1-2 forked, ea extending to a tooth; fr blue-black

Var. dentatum -- petioles with stellate hairs; lvs usually stellate beneath

Var. lucidum -- petioles glabrous; lower lf surface glabrous (or pubescent in the axils of the vines)

Viburnum edule (squashberry viburnum) 483 -- lvs generally lobed, pilose on veins beneath; fr red; filaments up to 1 mm

Viburnum lantana (viburnum) 484 -- lateral veins branching; petioles, some or all, irreg wing-margined; lvs stellate-hairy beneath; fr red turning black

Viburnum lentago (sweet or nannyberry viburnum) 484 -- lateral veins brnchng; lvs ovate to 4", fnly toothed; lvs some shrply ptd; fr blue-blk w whitish bloom

Viburnum nudum (possumhaw viburnum) 484 -- lateral veins branching; lvs not stellate-hairy below; fr blue-black

Viburnum nudum v. cassinoides (wild raisin viburnum) -- lateral veins branching; more northern, but s. mainly in the mtns

Viburnum opulus v americanum (cranberry viburnum) 483 -- marginal fls neutral; lvs palmately veined & lobed; fr red

Viburnum plicatum (double-file viburnum) 485 -- lvs 4", ovate, toothed, pubescent below; fl stalks opp like 2 ranks of soldiers

Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 484 -- lateral veins branching; fr blue-black

Viburnum rafinesquianum (downy viburnum) 484 -- lateral veins simple or 1-2 forked, ea extending to a tooth; lvs 3", coarsely toothed, densely pubescent beneath; petiole mostly w linear stipules; fr blue-black

Viburnum setigerum (tea viburnum) -- lvs 5", sl. toothed, dark green above; red berries

Viburnum sieboldii (Siebold's viburnum) 482 --lateral veins simple or 1-2 forked, ea extending to a tooth; lvs 6", rnd tips, unplsnt smell; shnng/paler & downy

fr at first pink, becoming blue-black

Viburnum sp. (viburnum ) Caprifoliaceae ((5) 5 5 1 half to wholly inf) --

Vicia americana (American vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 274-- bluish prpl in loose, few-flowered raceme; big shrply toothd stiples;

Vicia angustifolia (narrow-leaved vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 272 -- purple, almost sessile, axillary

Vicia caroliniana (pale vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 274 -- white or white w bluish tip; lflts oblong, variable, narrow

Vicia cracca (cow vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 274 -- violet-blue, 20-50 fls, 1-sided raceme; lflts narrow

Vicia dasycarpa (woolly pod vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 273 -- like V villosa

Vicia faba (broad bean vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 272 -- white veined w/ purple wings w large violet spot

Vicia grandiflora (big flower vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 272 -- dull yellow

Vicia hirsuta (tiny vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 273 -- whitish

Vicia lathyroides (spring vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 272 -- blue or violet

Vicia sativa (common vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 272 -- bicolored, purple & pink; lflts us broad at tip, mucronate

Vicia sepium (hedge vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 273 -- blue-violet to white

Vicia tenuifolia (thin-leaved vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 274 -- like V cracca, but w/ elongate peduncles

Vicia tetrasperma (four seed vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 273 -- pale-blue, 10-25 fls at end of a long stalk; lflts narrow

Vicia villosa (hairy vetch) Fabaceae (5 5 10 1 perf or unisex; peri) 273 -- bicolored, blue & white; 1-sided raceme; hairy stem

Vinca minor (periwinkle) Apocynaceae (5) (5) 5 1 hypo 368 --

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Asclepiadaceae ((5) 5 5 2 hypo) 374 --

Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Asclepiadaceae ((5) 5 5 2 hypo) 374 -- lvs egg-shaped, OE or WE

Viola adunca (hook-spurred violet) -- violet; stem lvs

Viola arvensis (european field pansy violet) 149 -- pale yellow; stem lvs

Viola blanda (sweet white violet) 145 -- white; 2 upper petals strongly reflexed & somewhat twisted;acaulescent

Viola canadensis (tall white violet) -- white w yellow base, 3 lower, purplish lines; stem lvs

Viola conspersa (dog violet) 148 -- blue-violet w darkern veins; stem lvs; stipules sharply toothed; upper lfvs broadly heart-shaped, blunt

Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 142 -- lt violet or white; acaulescent

Viola hastata (violet) 146 -- br yellow; stem lvs

Viola lanceolata (lance-leaved violet) 146 -- wh, lower 3 w brwn-prpl veins; acaulescent, lvs lance, tapering to stalk

Viola macloskeyi (northern white violet) 145 -- white, lower 3 w brown-purple veins; acaulescent

Viola odorata (violet) -- violet, varying to white; acaulescent

Viola palmata (palmate-leaved violet) 144 -- deep to pale violet to streaked to white; BL acaulescent

Viola pedata (birdfoot violet) 142 -- lilace-purple w/ consp orange stamens; acaulescent

Viola primulifolia (primrose-leaved violet) 145 -- white, lower w brown-purple veins; acaulescent

Viola pubescens (downy yellow violet) 147 -- yellow; stem lvs

Viola rafinesquii (wild pansy violet) -- deep blue or bluish purple to cream; stem lvs

Viola renifolia (kidney-leaved violet) 145 -- white; acaulescent

Viola rostrata (long-spurred violet) -- lt violet w darker veins; stem lvs

Viola rotundifolia (round-leaved violet) 142 -- br yellow; acaulescent; lvs narrow heart-shaped w/ scalloped teeth

Viola sagittata (arrow-leaved violet) 143 -- violet-purple; acaulescent

Viola selkirkii (Selkirk's violet) 145 -- pale violet; acaulescent

Viola sororia (common blue violet) 143 -- deep violet to lavender to white; acaulescent

Viola sp. (violet) Violaceae (5 spurred 5 5 1 hypo) --

Viola striata (creamy violet) 147 -- cream us w brown-purple veins; stem lvs

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